Why were the CCP victories in 1949

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In 1949, the loss of the war by the GMD wasn’t mainly because the CCP were too strong for them but because they had many flaws and corruption within the bureaucracy. It all began in 1911, when the Qing Dynasty collapsed due to the overpowered alliance of foreign imperialist armies, which caused their authority to decrease. Furthermore in 1916, consequences of the failure in democracy established by the GMD (Guo Ming Dang) were resulted in dividing China under the rule of provincial military generals otherwise known as warlords, and struggled to maintain power in China. Later in 1927 although the GMD managed to reclaim power and unify China under the leadership of Chiang Kai-Shek, not too long in 1931 the Japanese War broke out causing the GMD to lose power and authority furthermore at the same time this served as a chance to rise for Chinese communist party (CCP). Throughout the Japanese invasion in 1937 all over China, they conquered the military and economic strongholds of the GMD, hence coercing them to retreat back to their capital Chueng King leaving them politically powerless and economically paralyzed. Finally in 1949, the People’s Republic of China was officially established. As a result of this GMD movement made, the Chinese people looked down and thought of them as cowards because they failed to fulfil the people’s hopes which were to fight back against the Japanese invaders bravely instead of just retreating and also their own three principles they promised; “ Democracy, Nationalism and People’s Livelihood” (Source 8). Consequently this was one of the reasons, the majority of natives lost their faith in the GMD and protested for a change in parties; the CCP was their new hope for a better life. The thought of the GMD fighting against the CCP was simply unthinkable. The GMD obviously had the upper hand over them, as their army were being backed up by
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