Why Was War so Fundamental to Social and Political Societies in the Ancient Worlds

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Why was war so fundamental to social and political organisations? Was it ideology or necessity that drove the ancient worlds to war? (Ancient Greece) ‘War is the father of all things’ (22 B53 Diels-Kranz 1961). War is as old as man. Its impact on man, his society and culture should not be underestimated or ignored. As such, this essay will explore the concept that war was fundamental to social and political organisations of the ancient world of Greece and also examine the concept of ideology or necessity as the driving forces behind their motivation toward war. The ancient Greek worlds were independent both socially and politically. This along with the elements of interacting trade interests, land, economic and population needs assist in the explanation of the ancient Greek world’s motivation/s for war. It should be noted, in antiquity there was not a nation of Greece as such. Geographically and socially communities were divided into numerous city states or a polis. Athens and Sparta are observed as the largest but by no means as the only polis states in antiquity of Greece. War was fundamental to the social and political organisations of the ancient worlds of Greece due to the ideologies formed by the necessities of society at that time. Limited resources, population growth and to some extent, differing ideologies that originated from the polis states conflicting economic and socio-political concepts are elements of necessity that continuously influenced the war culture of the ancient Greek worlds. Three basic elements define war; ‘violence, legitimacy and legality’. Nieberg states that ‘all wars are violent’ and are founded on the supposition that force is required to attain a preferred goal; at times lethal force is applied. As such, war must be validated. In the antiquity of Greece war was a fundamental concept to socio-political
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