The Europeans asserted their dominance over these less-developed areas for economic reasons, but also to spread European customs and heighten the sense of pride they had in their nation. Therefore there were a number of economic, political, and social reasons that caused the start of new imperialism in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. New imperialism in Africa and the Middle East was mainly driven by economic forces. After the Industrial Revolution nations were taking raw materials and producing them into finished goods at a much faster rate. Since they were making finished goods more quickly, the demand for raw materials in factories rose, which led to the colonization of less-developed areas (Document 1).
Soon entrepreneurs applied Whitneys ideas to other industries. The significance of mass production was that it increased the speed of being able to produce a product by a lot. Mass production made the prices of once expensive things like cars plummet as the speed which they could be produced rised. It provided new jobs to people who were unskilled in craftsmanship. Socialism: Socialism is an economic concept that advocates public ownership of all resources.
Asses the ways in which technology and industrialization and the attendant changes in American social structure altered the lives of threeof the following groups The Industrial Revolution brought great changes to the Western economy and society. Major technological innovations intensified international commercial contacts. Technological innovations helped workers with Agriculture, steam, factories, and the With Agriculture beginning to use machinery, Steam becoming a very important part of everyday life, and factories being able to put in new machinery there was an increase in the position of the government. Change did not always mean progress; with change there came a number of setbacks as well as advances for the people with agriculture beginning to use new machinery the market for food increased. They began to use machinery rather than animals and people.
The United States was facing hard times in the jobs aspect. The poor were getting poorer and the rich kept getting richer. The poor people needed a way to make money, but jobs were scarce during these times. The opening of factories and maintenance facilities allowed for new jobs to open up, in large quantities. The inventions of many new tools, such as the lightbulb, the telephone, and the railroad system allowed for the Americans lives to be easier.
In order to achieve this a production revolution of sorts took place in many advanced economies, countries shifted from Fordism to Post-Fordism. Fordism was based upon Henry Ford's use of production lines and mass production. This model de-skilled the workers involved and made flexibility on the production lines difficult. During the early 1960's a larger range of products were being demanded which meant that companies were losing profits as they could not keep up with demand due to the inflexible production process. The changes which came with the adoption of Post-Fordism were largely implemented to increase flexibility on the production line and consequently boost profits, as Mitchell stated “Post-Fordism has been portrayed as a
Initially effecting the economy of Britain, the industrial revolution increased the amount of trade, and growing rapidly Britain was known as ‘’’the workshop of the world’, the centre of the world manufacturing, finance and trade. By the 1870’s, Britain had the most extensive railway system in the world to make transportation of raw materials easier, meaning more trade could occur, and English businessmen could acquire new markets for their trade. soon was a cause of the economic decline. Although the economy kept growing, the rate of growth wasn’t as much, meaning competition from America and Germany was a threat. This was named the ‘Great Depression’ and was a major change for the economic state of Britain.
Firstly, the advancement of technology was a big step in rise of towns. When we refer to technology we refer especially to agricultural progressions. That is to say, farmers were able to produce more in less time then before. A few advancements allowed this progression. One of them could be the replacement of oxen by horses for plowing (horses pulled the plow faster).
This was mostly due to his policies of collectivisation which made economic sense and forced a lot of peasants to leave the land, which was a process needed in order to change an agricultural rural society to an urban and industrial one as well s the fact that his industrialisation plan increased massively the heavy industry in Russia; the production of raw materials such as iron, coal, steel and oil all increased successfully. There were other successes in his economic policy of rearmament, which also improved labour productivity and the transport in the country. However, it would be incorrect to say that all what Stalin did during this period was a success since he also presented various failures, for example not being able to boost the production of consumer goods as well as creating a huge man made famine. It was clear at the time that Russia needed a change, as Stalin said: ‘’ We are fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this
The innovations in transportation technologies brought forth an era of economic prosperity in the United States while strengthening the belief of sectionalism amongst Americans. Between 1820 and 1840 $200 million was invested in canal building across the United States, three quarters of which was provided by state governments. The construction of canals contributed to the widespread use of the steam boats which coupled with the inefficiency of roads .Although roads were good for the movement of people, they were inefficient and costly in transporting bulky goods thus making the use of waterways more appealing to merchants. This made waterborne transportation the clear alternative for trade; as it was easier, faster, and cheaper to use for moving goods. Merchants took advantage of the newly created waterways and the boom in the production and use of steam boats and railroads to move their cargo cheaply and move it further inland.
As you can see in source 13 it shows a painting of a new railway station. My second change is the work the cotton and wool industry grew and grew this caused more jobs for the people. Many children worked in the cotton mills as you can see in source 10 on the handout. This helped countries trade and bring in money which helped the economy a lot. My final change is the health and the medicine a vaccination had been developed for small pox.