Why Was the Second World War a Turning Point for Black Americans?

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Why was the second World war a turning point for black Americans? In WWII, African-Americans served in segregated units known as the ‘Jim Crow army” and were not allowed to fight alongside whites. The Nazis also had a policy of racial discrimination so African-Americans were sent to fight an enemy who saw them as lessor beings, yet the side they fought for also saw them that way too. It was a contradiction. President Roosevelt, former governor of New York, did not believe in racial segregation of African-Americans and when African-Americans were hired to drive buses in Philadelphia during the war, some residents refused to ride the buses others threatened to burn the buses. Roosevelt sent troops to ride on the buses, eventually everyone realized that you need to catch the bus or else you would end up walking a long way so it was change even though it wasn’t much. No black pilots had ever been used before by the United States, one of the reasons is since in order to become a pilot, blacks had to achieve high-test scores and be college educated. However, in 1944 President Eisenhower supported integrated combat units and the air force began to let black Americans fly planes and even though they were only allowed to fly in segregated units it was a turning point. Overall, the Second World War was a turning point in the growth of the civil Rights of black Americans as it was a catalyst for change as it made black Americans more politically aware and feel that they had the right to demand change. It meant they gained support from the government, which was crucial. By the Korean War in 1951, the US military had been completely integrated. Blacks and whites fought alongside each other. It would be the beginning of a movement that would change American attitudes in the next two

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