A standard way that the Emperors used their power was for military purposes. Because Rome was a large and thriving empire; a strong army was needed for equally attacking and defending against opposition. Emperors could effortlessly find new recruits for enlistment to the Roman legions. This would provide the advantage of larger numbers of soldiers in a battle. This benefit allowed tactics such as the ‘wedge’ to be executed as more soldiers could reinforce the wedge from behind, which would consequently break the enemies’ formation (Roman Empire.net 2012).
First, the civil wars, there were always disagreements and the people of this empire loved fighting. So, war was above reasoning and agreements. Another main reason that helped with their fall was that the empire was too big for them to handle. They conquered most of Western Europe but could not keep up with it all. Military generals took advantage of this and took control of certain parts.
To get there they had to think of ways to help them in their conquest of lands whether it is swords or other technologies. There political and environmental characteristics were pretty impressive, but who know which one was better. Rome was an empire known for its tough army and its vast line of rulers who conquered and crushed anyone who got in there way. The Maurya too was powerful with its rulers,
The soldiers would prefer to be working and earning money on their farms and consequently many of the soldiers deliberately tried to be discharged early. Eventually Marius, the Roman consul, changed the law that a certain amount of land was required to be eligible for service in the army. After this the army became a way for the poor to escape from their surrounds and become something larger than themselves. Far from looking
Roman strategies allowed Rome to control their towns with ease. The Roman imperial army was undefeated in any major campaigns. Records have even shown Roman feats when they were outnumbered. The soldiers’ desire for recognition and promotion played a big factor in this of course. The soldiers would charge off to fight by enemy forts afraid of what the other men would think of them.
Soldiers with a good throwing arm would use lead weighted darts. Artillery was also a reason for many Roman victories in battle. The Scorpio, carroballista, and occasionally the catapulta would shoot bolts at enemies. The onager and the catapulta would fling large boulders. The Romans were actually quite famous in their time period because of their advanced, protective armor.
Their roads had a strong stone surface which also allowed water to run off to the sides. Roman roads were built throughout the empire, as a result, their armies and supply routes were able to move quickly in enormous numbers. “Generations have admired Roman military efficiency and skill, exemplified by readiness for quick marches, rigid discipline in the field, and construction of the grid-shaped camp after a day’s grueling hike. Military success has likewise almost always depended upon precise communications and unassailable methods of security.”(Edward) This article by Edward supports the fact that most of Roman military power
The Spartans,as brave as their sacrifice indubitably was,were professional soldiers trained from birth to be ready to give their lives in combat as Spartan law dictated.Oppositly ,the Thespians were soldiers who chose to add whatever they could to the fight,rather than allow the Spartans to be destroyed alone. The fighting was said to have been extremely brutal.As their numbers diminished the Greeks retreated to small hill in the narrowest part of the pass.The Thebans took this opportunity to the Persians.After their spears broke the Spartans and Thespians kept fighting with short words and after those broke,they were said to have fought with their bare hands,teeth and nails. The Greeks killed many Persians,including two of Xerxes brothers.In this final stand,Leonidas was killed and the Spartans fought very hard to defend his boday.Xerxes in range at the loss of so many of his soldiers,ordered that the head be cut off and the body
Though the phalanx was the most advanced and formidable formation of the time it still had a weakness. While the front of the phalanx was composed of shields and hundreds of spear tips, the rear and sides of the phalanx were left wide open for attack. Philip trained them to be extremely mobile and the ability to turn the entire formation around in the matter of seconds, but this was not a guaranteed protection. Another way to protect their weakness was to have the phalanx’s fight side by side with not enough room in between to be susceptible to an attack or they would surround the phalanx formations with formations of calvary units. Rough terrain also hampered the phalanx as they would lose cohesion, as this was shown in the battle of Granicus.
His use of flexible, fast arms like cavalry and light infantry. Alexander’s success is partly a function of his using infantry in combination with slings, archers, and light cavalry. c. Romans, to 500 BCE Romans copied many of Greece and macedonian features, along with rigid discipline. Romans replicating mostly all the method that greece done, Romans differed from the Greeks in their understanding of leadership. By contrast, Roman generals in the empire period became so powerful that their men often swore oaths of loyalty to them personally.