A standard way that the Emperors used their power was for military purposes. Because Rome was a large and thriving empire; a strong army was needed for equally attacking and defending against opposition. Emperors could effortlessly find new recruits for enlistment to the Roman legions. This would provide the advantage of larger numbers of soldiers in a battle. This benefit allowed tactics such as the ‘wedge’ to be executed as more soldiers could reinforce the wedge from behind, which would consequently break the enemies’ formation (Roman Empire.net 2012).
Even though the Roman Empire was strong, there was one major problem in the Empire, which would be its over expansion that caused both Empire and the republic became unstable and eventually broke down. The Roman Empire was said to be the strongest empire that was ever built. The empire controlled and ruled the largest area in European history for over a thousand years, covering about 2.2 million square miles across Europe. Their military had several advantages such as rapid development of the latest technology and due to their advanced engineering skills of the Romans in building roads. Their roads had a strong stone surface which also allowed water to run off to the sides.
Furthermore the composite bow was another pertinent contribution to Egyptian weaponry as this combined with the chariot were the main weapons attributed to military success in this period. Even though these contributions were classed as short term, the basic designs and ideas behind their designs would of contributed to the long-term evolution of the military technology as well as the new metals introduced such as bronze. The significance of the Hyksos’ reign more significantly impacted Egypt in the long term, principally with the psychological aftermath they prompted. The shock of their invasion into Egypt resonated for hundreds of years and majorly influenced all of
Gaius Marius was significant with his life and career helping the evolution of Rome from a Republic to an Empire. Through him challenging the Senate, his role as a successful general, revealing Senatorial incompetence and his proposal of military reforms, Marius was well known for his improvements to the structure and organisation of the Roman legion. Marius was elected consul in 107BC during the war with the African ruler Jugurtha, King of Numidia. According to Southern “Marius was the first man in his family to reach the consulship so he was a Novus homo”. He was elected consul for a second time in absentia for 104BC as well.
Chariots was invented in Mesopotamia to carry a driver and an archer for war. It was invented to be used in war and the main concept of a chariot was to keep moving constantly and shoot the enemy at a distance. Chariots were transmitted in different countries like china, Greece, and Europe by trade, travel, conquest, and migration. Chariots were transmitted to Egypt by the Hyksos, which are charioteers from Syria. The Egyptians improved chariots by modifying its design making it lighter and easier to use.
Since the kingdoms and societies using this vehicle in war were found to be superior based on the size of their chariots, it became a master weapon and spread all over the world within a short time. Development and Expansion of the United States The Gold rush of 1849 and presence of a navigable river system were the most significant physical geographical factors that contributed to the development and expansion of the United States. In the 1800s, several natural resources were discovered in the country, for instance, the
Despite many periods of financial and military crisis where the empire faced threats from all sides, it always managed to come through, often due to the Emperor’s advisors. One of the talented generals during Justinian’s reign was Belisarius. The general was with Justinian for much of his reign and had many victories against larger enemies. The reconquest of North Africa and Italy helped solidify Justinian’s legacy as a great ruler. Having these two areas under its control meant that the Mediterranean was once again a Roman sea, and the trade that was now available to the empire would greatly increase its revenue.
Egypt also grew papyrus reeds, had good fishing, and hunted animals by the river banks. Mesopotamia on the other hand developed an irrigation system because their rivers were a little less predictable. Both civilizations knew how to take advantage and adapt to their natural resources. The way of life in these two locations shared some similarity but also some differences. Like government, they were both ruled by individuals, who had power and wealth and set themselves as “Kings”.
Acquiring this absolute power however, was no easy feat, and Caesar had well equipped himself through previous expeditions of Europe and the ancient world with all the resources necessary to gain power in Ancient Rome. One such "expedition" was Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul. On this expedition, Caesar went to great lengths to write a thorough book about his conquest, and to justify his expenditures to the Roman public and Senate. Through Gaul, Caesar found a way to acquire power and prestige for himself within the Roman political arena. It is debated however as to why Caesar wrote about Gaul, whether it be to bask in his glory of his nine-year campaign or to use as propaganda for the political upheaval he would soon mount against Rome.
Hadrian, Roman Emperor Hadrian was one of the greatest Roman emperors in ancient history because of his success at young age, as well as in his adulthood, his contribution to the arts and his architectural influences in ancient Rome. He gave Rome the breakthrough it needed to succeed as an empire. At the age of ten, young Hadrian lost his father, after the loss he was placed under guardianship by Emperor Trajan, a family relative. Trajan’s initial thought of Hadrian was to create a military career for him. His high skill set of defense and honor toward Trajan allowed him to be recognized.