For example, there was improved navigational aids, refinements in shipbuilding, better mapmaking, and new legal arrangements and accounting practices which made shipping easier and cut the costs of seaborne trade. Another major new navigational instrument that helped this enormous revolution was the needle compass. With the new sea-lanes booming with profit and trade, this began to change the entire agriculture around 1000 CE. This also gave birth to the growth of commercial cities. By the late tenth century, many of these new cities were the anchorages of the maritime trade.
International Politics, School of Social Sciences 6. Can and should political actors be controlled? Explain with reference to military. Word count: 1, 814 In contemporary world politics those referred to as ‘political actors’ have the potential to significantly influence events within the international arena. Depending on the resources at their disposal and the power and influence they are able to wield there are varying degrees constraints encountered by political actors as well as promising opportunities to assert authority1.
In general terms the framework is aimed primarily at Government Departments and Agencies in supporting its protective security and counter-terrorism responsibilities; however, it does have wider application. The commercial sector plays an increasingly intimate role within the US government matrix, as well as making up the core sectors within the Critical National Infrastructure (energy, water, agriculture, etc). Similarly, organizations such as the National Health Service, Police forces and local Government all handle government assets on a regular basis. Security Policy No.1: Governance, Risk Management and Compliance Governance The role of Cabinet Office at the center of Government is to provide leadership and co-ordination of shared risks (such as asset control and vetting) by setting policy and overseeing regulation. MANDATORY REQUIREMENT 1 Departments and Agencies must ensure that all staff understand the relevant requirements and responsibilities placed upon them by the Security Policy Framework and that they are properly equipped to meet the mandatory security policies as set out in this framework.
Through this convenient location, Athens was further given another way to assert it’s effectiveness in controlling the other city-states or allies, as having such a readily available Athenian port was crucial in the trading between other civilizations, including that of Egypt, Syria and Palestine (as well as the rest of the Persian Empire) through naval transportations. Without such, the Greek world would have failed to have its diverse trading routes, which brought a wider variety of resources to trade and keep as lavish decorations and greater wealth into their economy, and it’s through this that Athens shows their
M1 Explain how the management of human, physical and technological resources can improve the performance of a selected organisation. In this assignment, I am going to show and explain how Tesco manages the three main types of resources. Ensuring that the human, physical and technological resources are carried out correctly can increase the performance of Tesco business. HUMAN RESOURSES. Management of human resources is very important of an organisation, the management should therefore find the right approach to their employees to be able to plan and manage them in a professional manner.
CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE PROTECTION Introduction “The American Presidential Directive PDD-63 of May 1998 set up a national program of Critical Infrastructure Protection.” (Presidential Directive PPD-63) Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP) is a framework of ideas and activities to ensure the preparedness and response to serious threats, emergencies, and/or incidents that impact the critical infrastructure of the nation. CIP is very important because it links risk management and infrastructure assurance together. This combination, working together help provide the capability necessary to eliminate potential vulnerabilities and threats to the nation’s critical infrastructure. Interpret the Department of Homeland Security’s mission, operations, and responsibilities. The overall objective of the NIPP is to “build a safer, more secure, and more resilient America by preventing, deterring, neutralizing, or mitigating the effects of deliberate efforts by terrorists to destroy, incapacitate, or exploit elements of our Nation’s CIKR and to strengthen national preparedness, timely response, and rapid recovery of CIKR in the event of an attack, natural disaster, or other emergency.” (NIPP, pg.
The cold war (1946-1991) which was a battle for economic, military, political, and technological supremacy was one of the major driving factors of human capital theory (Fincher, 2007). These events have led to a shift from short term to long term development planning which not only considers fiscal and monetary policies but also other facet which embraces the economic, political and legal institutions of a given state
Let us first establish parameters of these two perspectives: Realism: is the view that world politics is driven by competitive self-interest creating a dynamic among countries that is a struggle for power. (Rourke, J p.20) Idealism / Liberalism: is the view that the people and nations of the world are driven by mutual interests seeking to cooperate to achieve common goals through international organizations and according to international law. (Rourke, J p.23) As we move into the study of international politics and relations it is apparent that both of these schools of thought understand that people and countries have defined goals. All people, societies, and states are striving to achieve security and stability and that is the goal of both realism and idealism. The security and stability that states are seeking comes once a balance of power has been achieved.
Military Diplomacy: An Essential Tool for Foreign Policy The driving concept behind this monograph is the thesis that not only does the military conduct diplomacy, but military diplomacy, at the combatant command level, provides a theater strategic capability essential to the effective implementation of U.S. foreign policy. The monograph demonstrates that this capability arises from several organizational advantages. First, the authority vested in the combatant commander facilitates the development, resourcing, and execution of military diplomacy programs within a unified chain of command. Second, the combatant command contains a highly capable staff founded on historically proven structures and doctrine. Third, an extensive network of personnel and organizations positioned to coordinate across multiple levels of authority facilitates the implementation of military diplomacy activities.