The evaluation can show if a person went to sleep more quickly, and slept more comfortably as usual and woke with no drowsiness. Another area monitored is if they were able to stay alert throughout the following day, then at this point the medication would then made available to the public. If the participant showed signs of having trouble falling asleep after the normal allotted time for the sleep aid to take affect or had a restless night and felt as if they did not sleep the next day, then further studies need performed and changes made to the medication. There are two ways of getting a sleep aid, as an over the counter (OTC) which is a safer option if it is to be used for a short period, and by a doctor’s prescription, which the end results could be habit forming drug. Many companies recommend that people use prescribed
An example of primary insomnia might be shift work insomnia where a person may well be attempting to sleep at times when their body clock tells them they should be awake. There are numerous subtypes of primary insomnia including; psychophysiological insomnia which is a form of anxiety-induced insomnia caused by a worry about getting a lack of sleep, idiopathic insomnia which is a lifelong sleeplessness and sleep state misinterpretation where people sleep adequately but feel they do not. Supporting evidence include Smith’s study where patients with insomnia were studies, as well as a control group of normal sleepers and they were studied for 3 nights with whole brain scans conducted on the third night. Patients with insomnia showed consistent and significant decreases in blood flow compared to good
You would not think that simply lying in bed all day would pose serious risks to your health. After reading and comparing Hazards of Immobility by Edith V. Olson and Effects of Bed rest 1: Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Hematological Systems by John Knight, PhD, BSc; Yamni Nigam, PhD, MSc, BSc; Aled Jones, PhD, BN, RN (Adult), RMN, both widely accepted in the medical community, I am now writing to show that, yes, immobility poses serious effects on several of the bodily systems, especially on one very important system, the cardiovascular system. The cardiovascular system includes many different pieces such as the heart, the
It seems that our brain is designed to collect knowledge during daytime and analyze them at nighttime. Some studies mentioned in the article show why humans need a minimum of six hours of sleep in order to have better performance in daily activities. What remain to be undetermined is the chemicals involved in this process, or how our brain can process information while we are unconscious. The truth is that researches clearly demonstrate that our brain is active during sleep and that this process is more complex than we think. Before reading this article, I thought that while we slept our brain simply in a “resting” stage.
Several specialized tests, which can be performed in a sleep disorders clinic or sleep lab, usually are required before a diagnosis can be stated. The two most essential tests in confirming a diagnosis of narcolepsy are the polysomnogram (PSG) and the multiple sleep latency test (MSLT). The PSG is an overnight test that takes continuous measurements while a patient is asleep in order to document abnormalities in their sleep cycle. A PSG reveals REM sleep that occurs at abnormal times in the sleep cycle and eliminates the possibility that particular individual's symptoms coming from another condition. The MSLT is performed during the day to measure a person's tendency to fall asleep and to determine whether isolated elements of REM sleep intrude at inappropriate times during the waking hours.
Treatments also now include what is called Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy to help patients manage sleep-wake cycles and stabilize daily living routines to help manage the disorder. Cognitive behaviour therapy available is designed specifically in the treatment of symptoms of this disorder. The therapy helps with symptoms of negative thinking related to depression and the impulsive thoughts of needing to attain certain items or situations at any given time with tragic outcomes if they are not attained immediately. This in turn helps patients to estimate risks of such behaviours unlike their current thought
Discuss explanations of sleepwalking Introduction: Sleepwalking (somnambulism) is a condition where walking and sleeping occur at the same time, there are 3 explanations of sleepwalking: psychodynamic, neural and genetic. AO1 Psychodynamic: The psychodynamic theory suggests that sleepwalking is the expression of unresolved conscious conflicts. The sleepwalker is, in effect, ‘acting out’ repressed conflicts. The later finding that sleepwalking occurs during SWS was seen to support the psychodynamic theory, since the conditions of SWS are ideal for this to happen – the likelihood of recalling harmful repressed memories is minimal during this phase of sleep. AO2 Psychodynamic: The psychodynamic explanation of sleepwalking is supported by a case study (Abrams), it was suggested that the sleepwalking of the woman was a cry for help – the stealing being the reflection of her need to take control of her life.
Everyone can say that their fine with just a few hours of sleep, which in this case is not okay because my body and mind need a certain amount of sleep. Without sleep our mind will not be able to function as thriving as he or her want it to be. Even without enough sleep our body will not be healthy enough to function properly, particularly at an older age. Thus mean that for the generation now and in the future, its best to control the amount of sleep everyone gets for his or her own
I believe that the medications I am prescribed for my health issues present me with biological factors which influence my sleep patterns. I also deal with quite a bit of stress in my life. One stress factor for both my husband and I, is financial stress. Financial stress, along with looking for employment, or trying to do the best job possible once employed, contributes to environmental factors which influence sleep patterns. While doing research for this paper, I stumbled upon an article written by Robert Libbon regarding Americans and sleep patterns.