It was a refueling station for American military and merchant ships headed to Asia. This was one of the reasons that Hawaii was annexed into the United States. The other reason was for economic reasons. Since America itself begin in revolt against an imperial power, many Americans were critical of the idea of building an American empire overseas. Expansionism, however, had long been a part of American policies.
Fundamental factors like the growing powers all the governments, a new thrust and desire for foreign goods- especially Asian goods, and a desire to spread the Christian religion drew the Europeans to the exploration, conquest and settlement of the New World. The key players in exploration of the New World all became more powerful. The Portuguese set up trading posts along the coast of Africa which allowed money to flow through the country, giving them more power. The marriage of Ferdinand of Aragon and Isabella of Castile unified the kingdom of Spain, which increased its power. This increase in power made many countries and governments hungry for more power and would do anything to find it.
Since they were making finished goods more quickly, the demand for raw materials in factories rose, which led to the colonization of less-developed areas (Document 1). For example, Cecil Rhodes of Britain heard the stories that King Solomon's mines were north of the Limpopo River, and that the area had even more potential than the Witwatersrand goldfields. The natural resource of gold lured Cecil Rhodes into forming the British South Africa Company and colonizing the area, later known as Rhodesia. The powerful nations of the world were also interested in gaining colonies because it provided them with markets to trade their finished products with (Document 2). The mother country could take the colony's natural resources for a cheap price, convert them into finished products, and then sell these goods back to the colony's citizens.
He also stated that once we took them over, we could then educate them. He essentially wanted to do the country a right by taking control and politically righting a wrong. The second cause of Imperialism in the 19th and 20th centuries were the economic forces involved. For example, in America, people were producing goods faster than people could end up using, creating an excessive surplus. They thought of the idea of taking over countries and placing trading posts everywhere to help get rid of this surplus (Document 2).
Thus it can be see that through the goal of the early American pioneers to gain natural resources many settlers were pushed further west and thus expanded America towards the west coast rapidly. However it must be acknowledged that the establishment of the intercontinental roads such as the Cumberland Road aided industries such as farming and in particular the cattle frontier massively. Therefore it must be seen that without such means of transportation attempts to settle the west would have been near impossible. Transportation from one side of America to the other undoubtedly was a massive goal for the American government, as it would establish a more economically
Mercantilist legislation passed to expand ports such as Liverpool and Glasgow ensured more exports and imports could be carried out due to the new size and sophistication of the ports = extends trade, revenue and wealth, more funds for war and overseas domination Para 2: Trading companies also played a part in the expansion of empire but could not have flourished without mercantilism. * Trading companies created links with governments abroad - EIC relationships with the Moguls in India lead to them being granted a firmum allowing them
This helped Britain gain such a large Empire because by fighting and winning these wars they gained more of the land and more power over the people, it gives them more money and riches and they show themselves as the dominant country. They were able to then go and gain the other sections of India. Another way Britain gained such a large Empire was through trade. For example when the EIC (East Indian Company) started to trade in India they made money for the army and Britain as a whole, they also gained the trust of the people by trading fairly, and they got well paid in crates of spices, calico, gems and silk by the princes and Maharajas of India when the British helped them fight their battles. This helped Britain gain such a large Empire because by trading they got money and power so that they could send out exploration ships and armies to go to other countries and take it.
Hakluyt also pointed that the overflow of people, both in need of religious freedom and in want of more business opportunities, within England needed a place to go. America is not only perfect for dumping those excess peoples into, but also exceeds that by also bringing profit from those living in those colonies. One of the major points that Hakluyt drives home is the comeuppance to Spain by creating demand for goods and shipping, and thereby creating profit for England and away from the plundering Spanish. From the profits of the taxes and duties of the new shipping industry, Hakluyt believes a powerful navy can be built for the protection and preservation of the growing British Empire. In 1584, when Hakluyt wrote his Discourse, he says that England at the time was swarming with unemployed youths, men, soldiers, prisoners, and beggars.
The rise of big business had a massive political impact. Industrialisation made the USA into a more urban society and created a powerful elite of wealthy industrials ‘titans’. They were able to gain direct political influence, notably within the Republican Party and over developing mass newspapers. Many of the new mass newspapers promoted the ideas of their rich proprietors and helped to ensure that efforts to bring about reforms against the interests of rich businessmen were frustrated. The massive political influence meant that the foundations were in place for the future American domination of the world economy.
They wanted to extend their political, military and economic control all over the world. With the booming economy in the United States in the late 1800s, there was a problem with the surplus of goods. Excess production led to declining profits. Americans needed more consumers to buy their products. Industrialists wanted trade to expand into new overseas market where American products could be sold.