Why Does the Usa Become Isolationist in 1918?

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Why does USA become Isolationist 1918-1922? Unit 1 Restricted Immigration Racially, Politically, Culturally + Economically Why? How did USA react to end of WW1? USA reluctant to enter WW1 b/c immigrants mean if you support one side, other immigrants home will be against origins. Lobby = pressure group Huge Loans to Allies with high interest, making money Loans used to buy USA stuff 1/3 shells USA on Western Front Wages increased by 25%, therefore leading economy, replace Britain. Key issue: Strongest economy. Want political role with that? 1920/30s No thanks Only 115,000 casualties in final year Very Limited World Role 1. Democratic Wilson want major role – Versailles 14 points League of Nations – Collective Security Paris Peace conference 1919 2. USA didn’t like that, most Americans went to USA to escape Europeans and their stupidities a. Blank cheque on future US lives + money e.g. Franks + Brits didn’t like their Imperialism. Didn’t want to support this in any way b. Worried about losing Congress if he signs League of Nations, needs control. Congress feared losing control of war peace c. Disagreement over Versailles – German immigrants thought too harsh, Republican too lenient, Irish – did nothing to Ireland d. Senators + Congressman thought Wilson was arrogant. Wanted control of foreign affairs e. Main opposition in Senate – Senator Henry Cabot Lodge ’14 Lodge Reservations’. Didn’t want Democrats claiming won both war + peace f. Presidential Election 1920 – Wilson ill stroke. Thr4 much weaker democratic candidate – Cox g. Republican – Warren Harding won ‘ we seek no part in directing the destinies of the world’ Promised return to normality 3. Election seen as referendum on Wilson’s Treaty + league, Harding 16 million vs 9 million. 3 Rep. President in 12 years (Harding,
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