Why Do People Migrate and What Are the Socioeconomic Consequences of Migration?

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Why do people migrate and what are the socioeconomic consequences of migration? In 2011, violence, natural disasters and financial situations are the main reasons for migration, as proven in document 2 of the document files. Less developed countries, and counties at war, like Serbia & Afghanistan are more prone to have high emigration percentages, while developing or developed countries such as the U.S.A. & France(doc.3), are more prone to be receiving countries. The results of political violence lead the West African nation to find refuge near the borders of Liberia, in November 2010(Doc.9). Massacres have been reporter to occur in Abidjan and the west of the country where refugees have settles. UNHCR teams are still trying to accommodate as best they can the refugees, though more than 1million citizens have been displaces since March 2011. Life threatening situations have been continual for Haiti, as hurricanes after earthquakes follow. On January 10th, 2010, an earthquake hit Haiti and killed an estimated toll of 200’000-250’000 people(Doc.10). A maximum of 66’620 citizens were still living in camps in 2010. Diseases such as cholera have appeared. Remittances are sent back to the country of origin by members of families allowed to work in foreign countries. In 2008, the amount of remittances sent to developing countries was of $325billion, while in 2010, the amount grew to $440billion(Doc.8). Finding work in developed countries like the U.S. (Doc.3) gives the opportunity to send money to the families and often creates diasporas among people of similar origins. People migrate because the destination will often provide better surviving chances, living conditions and financial condition than the point of departure. Developed countries are a preferable location for migration, though some merely migrate within their

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