If there is a large increase in some of the figures of the expenditure, it could mean that there would be either a large decrease in the profits made by the company or that the company’s loss figure has increased suddenly. If there was a decrease on some of the figures in the expenditure, then this could mean that there has been a sudden increase in the profit they are making or the loss figure has decreased suddenly. Increasing VAT If there are increasing prices of VAT, then the company will need to make sure that this doesn’t affect the company to bad. The
Downstream refers to oil and gas operations after the production phase and through to the point of sale, whether at the gas pump or the home heating oil truck. Upstream is the grass roots of the oil business, it refers to the exploration and production of oil and gas. Many analysts look at upstream expenditures from previous quarters to estimate future industry trends. For example, a decline in upstream expenditures usually trickles down to other areas such as transportation and marketing. Economic conditions: Supply and Demand On the supply side markets has been driven by geopolitical volatility in recent months.
In the first half of the year earnings for the Resources division have increased, due to higher export coal prices. * Operating in many different geographical areas * Being dependent on customers and supplier chains in each local and overseas areas, as well as different geographical areas of operations. This increases inherent risk due to difficulty to control operation in different locations as well as the climate changes in regards to their products. II. Unusual pressure on management The management is under unusual pressure to perform well and increase returns for shareholders in order to gain more remuneration: * Objective to provide a satisfactory return to shareholders, this would increase inherent risk due to pressure placed on management in order to meet budgets or forecasts * Remuneration plans * Also the directors have significant remuneration plans – they are awarded a lot of
“If world crude prices rise, then U.S. refiners must offer and pay higher prices for crude they buy. Facing higher input costs from crude, refiners charge more for the gasoline they sell at wholesale. This requires gas stations to pay more for their gasoline. In turn, gas stations, facing higher input costs, charge consumers more at the pump” (FTC, 2005. para19). As a result of gas station paying more for their gasoline, this will increase the amount the customer will have to pay for gasoline.
(d) Oil companies anticipate an upsurge in demand for oil in electricity generation. (e) The demand for petrol rises. (f) New technology decreases the costs of oil refining. (a) Shift right. (b) Movement up along (as a result of a rise in price).
He explains that as the global need for oil grows it puts more money in the pockets of the oil producing countries. He has a great “law” in this chapter that says that as oil prices increases the amount of freedom decreases. I found this very interesting just because the measure of freedom can be very subjective and it depends on what a person’s view of freedom is. He also tries to say that the increase of money in these countries fuels more terrorism. Which is another subjective idea because any country becomes richer would almost everything increase?
One effect of hydraulic fracturing on economics is that it creates a huge increase in profit for natural gas sellers and drillers by opening up the opportunity to tap so much more natural gas than was available before. “North America has approximately 4.2 quadrillion (4,244 trillion) cubic feet of recoverable natural gas that would supply 175 years’ worth of natural gas at current consumption rates.” (Earthworks, N. Loris) Another way it affects the economy is that 10,000 jobs could be created by each drilling site that is opened. (N. Loris) However, a negative effect it has is that it costs about 2 billion dollars for each plant and extra for maintenance and disposal. One last affect hydrofracking has on the economy is it lowers natural gas prices by up to 15 dollars a gallon.
P5 M3 Assess the impacts of changes in global and European business environment on a selected business. Oil price fluctuations Crude oil is the worlds most traded commodity by value, it is vital for many industries e.g. transportations, polymers and energy production that are closely linked with oil production As you can see in the image above the price of oil has crashed within a few months which has drastically decreased the price of fuels, the cause of this crash was due to new production methods which allowed other people to produce oil rather than the just the few that could before, this new method is called fracking. Assessment of impacts for KI KI are not heavily reliant on oil, they only use fuel for their cars which their main consumption. The price of fuel does influence them though, the biggest benefit is the effect on the customers, the lowering of the price of fuel means that people will, in effect, have a small pay rise, this will help KI as this will increase their customer’s disposable income and increase their consumer confidence.
To Drill or Not to Drill This is one of the United States biggest debates, and it will continue for years to come. The United States has been using coal, oil and natural gas for their energies. Some people are afraid that these sources will be used up and the United States will be dependent on a foreign country to provide us with these sources. On one hand, the debate is that these three sources have been used for millions of years. Changing to alternative sources would be too expensive.
To what extent does the world have an energy crisis? There has been an enormous increase in the global demand for energy in recent years due to rapid industrial development and population growth, especially in the less developed countries. The crisis will become when demand exceeds supply. A crisis like this can develop as a result of industrial actions such as strikes and government refusal for the movement of merchant ships in or out of ports. The cause of these could be over-consumption or prices rising at oil refineries.