About 1,900 people under 21 die every year from car crashes involving underage drinking. i) Young people are more susceptible to alcohol-induced impairment of their driving skills. ii) Drinking drivers aged 16 to 20 are twice as likely to be involved in a fatal crash as drinking drivers who are 21 or older. iii) For every 100,000 Americans under the age of 21, 1.4 people were killed in drunk driving fatalities in 2010 iv) The rate of fewer than 21 drunk driving fatalities per 100,000 populations has declined 48% over the past decade. v) In 2009, 11 percent of all drivers involved in fatal crashes were young drivers 15- to 20- years old.
The Developmental Issues on Children in the Foster Care System The foster care system is the system where children go when their parents are unable to take care of them. In the foster care system, children are placed by trained professionals who are licensed adults that provide substitute parental care when the parents are away. Research states that the number of children in the foster care system was 513,000, a decline of about 10% from 2000 (Bigner, 2011). Children that are placed in foster care have suspiciously high rates of physical, developmental, and mental health problems and often have many unmet medical and mental health care needs. A greater number of young children with complicated, serious physical health, mental health, or developmental problems are entering foster care during the early years when brain growth is most active.
Underage Drinking Underage drinking mostly starts at the early ages of 11 to 14 years old. This has become one of the largest discussed issues and major problems in America because of the increase of deaths every year. According to the department of health and human services underage drinking has caused problems such as: public health and safety problems, potential brain damage issues, alcohol disorders, violence, suicides, sexual assault, rape and many car accidents. Underage drinking has become a very huge problem for teenagers where life and health are at great risk. In my point of view as sophomores in high school and as a member of the small community I live in I think that there should be other ways and more classes on underage drinking.
A child that’s been abuse so much can also commit suicide and get hook on drugs really bad. Recent studies indicate high levels of sexual violence in childhood up to 21 per cent according to multi-country study conducted by the World Health Organization with girls far more likely to be abused than boys (www.unicef.org). The domestic violence can go from generations to generations. The violent behavior stays with a child when they has move out the home. Boys who are exposed to their parent’s domestic violence are twice as likely to become abusive men as are the sons of non-violent parents (www.unicef.org).
Abuse always involves physical, emotional, or sexual injury to a child and involves commission of a particular act against a child. Abuse is the second leading cause of death among children under age 6 months, behind sudden infant death syndrome. Although parents have been raising children for thousands of years, it was not until the early seventies that child abuse was consider a crime in America. According to U.S. Department of Health and Human Services statistics, in 1998 1,397,000 children received preventive services and an estimated 903,000 children were victims of abuse or neglect. Abuse often occurs when the adult is having difficulty adjusting to new circumstances or is coping with such issues as marital problems, economic difficulties,
DECKER CLINICAL DATA BASE/PEDIATRICS( Student: Joshua Chilson Clinical date: 5/1/13 Patient age range: 1- 2 years old Admitting diagnoses :( include short pathophysiology) Dx: Elevated lead levels. Lead is a highly toxic metal that was used for many years in products found in and around our homes. An elevated blood lead level in a child is defined as 10 or more micrograms of lead in a deciliter (μg/dL) of blood. Children are more vulnerable to lead than adults. While all children are at risk from lead, children living in older housing and in poverty are at the greatest risk.
Moreover, violent deaths are becoming a larger proportion of all youth mortality. Suicides and homicides accounted for less than 8 percent of all youth deaths; two decades later they accounted for 20 percent. While many recent studies have noted the increasing role of drugs, crime,
The belief that working to end child homelessness will have far-reaching and lasting effects on the future of our society. Homeless families are increasing at an alarming rate in the United States, with profound effects on millions of American children. One in fifty children experiences homelessness in America each year, according to a recent study by the National Center on Family Homelessness. Nearly half of those children are under the age of six – the most vulnerable group of all. ( Horizons for Homeless Children, November 23, 2011 ).
90% of underage drinking is binge drinking. In other countries, with the drinking age at 18, binge drinking starts at age 13. Statistics show that heavy drinking could start at as young as 13 years old. In 2003, a study showed that kids started to drink at age 14, while in 1965 kids would start to drink at age 17, that’s a big age difference. Due to binge drinking, there are an estimated 300 suicides per year in the U.S.
In the report titled, The Forgotten Americans Homelessness; Programs and the People They Serve, it states that serious problems since childhood are common causes among homeless people with 25% reporting childhood physical or sexual abuse, 22% reported they were physically assaulted and 7% sexually assaulted. It also states that 38% reported an alcohol problem and 26% reported a drug problem. “According to date from the Administration on Children and Families, in 1998 there were an estimated 2,806,000 referrals of child abuse or neglect to relevant state or local agencies,” Additionally, approximately, 1,100 children died of abuse or neglect, a rate of 1.6 deaths per 100,000 children. Of all forms of abuse, about three quarters of the perpetrators were parents,” (Almanac of Policy Issues:Child Abuse). Domestic Violence also plays a major role in abuse.