Why Did the Troubles of Northern Ireland Take Place? Essay

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Analyse why the troubles of 1968‐1998 took place? The troubles were a series of violent incidents occurring for 30 years between 1968 and 1998 in Northern Ireland (also including bombings in the England). The troubles ended only in 1998 when the Good Friday Agreement was signed. Analysing why the troubles happened is a vastly complex question, this essay will attempt to analyse the troubles by assessing who was to blame at the time of the troubles, and hence the reasons behind the troubles. The four main groups involved in the clashes are as followed: Loyalist and Nationalist Paramilitaries, the ‘authorities’ and the Civil Rights movement. This essay will conclude that although each fragment had a vital role to play, it was the internal conflict between the extreme Unionists and the extreme Loyalists that was to blame, and thus that the overall cause was long term internal nationality aims between these two groups. The 1960s Civil rights movement in Northern Ireland aimed to stop alleged discrimination against Catholic Northern Irish citizens, who were the minority of the population in Northern Ireland: 34.9% in 1961 compared to 65.1% Protestants. The civil rights movement centred on issues such as housing allocation and electoral discrimination against Catholics. They used marches to protest their cause, beginning on the 5th October 1968. Their marches turned out to be the beginning of the troubles, with protestant Loyalists and the RUC attacking the marches. This was the beginning of sectarian conflict between Loyalists and Republicans, which continued to become the troubles. In many ways the civil rights movement is not to blame for the troubles: they did not initiate the violence, their marches aimed to be peaceful and non-violent. When the government introduced some civil rights reforms on 22nd November 1968 the civil rights movement accepted these and
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