Why Did the Civil Rights Movement Develop After 1945?

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The civil rights movement developed in the period after 1945 because of the advancements the Second World War and important black activists had made in civil rights as it had led to a strong improvement in the status of black people as a whole. A main reason for the development of civil rights, I feel, was the influence of black activists at this time proving change was possible. Organisations such as CORE- The Congress of Racial Equality looked at economic boycotts and methods to gain attention as well as many sit-ins organised by James Farmer. For Example an important individual in black civil rights, Adam Clayton- Powell (who was the first man a of African American descent to be elected for congress) ran the Harlem bus boycott in 1941 which in consequence led to an uptake of 200 black workers. This protests success could also have been some of the inspiration behind the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955. Another organisation that evoked change in the period leading up to 1945 was the NAACP, who were involved in non-violent protests as well as the Smith Vs. Allwright case which overturned states such as Texas who disenfranchised the black citizens. The triumph of this case showed a hope for the representation of blacks as a whole and this led to more support for the organisation after the war which helped develop the civil right movement. An important black activist in relation to the Second World War specifically, was A. Phillip Randolph who was a trade unionist and important figure in the Double V campaign. The Double V campaign was very important as it was a symbol worn by black soldiers to show they supported victory against fascism at home and abroad. This proved important propaganda in showing the hypocritical nature of the United States, who portrayed much of the oppressive sentiment as the country they were fighting against. After 1945, the demand
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