In the 1700s, Europeans saw numerous opportunities in the New World. They envisioned the colonization as a chance for them to live a free and prosperous life, but, in reality, the American colonists faced many setbacks. The tension between Great Britain and the New England colonies led to American Revolution. In Transcript of Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson acknowledged how the act of force was a rational option in order to obtain liberty from Great Britain; however, in The Rise and Fall of the Newburgh Conspiracy, George Marshall depicted how there is a more reasonable alternative to resolving problems within the new independent country. In the Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson explained how governments should not be overthrown for petty reasons, but he believed the King of Great Britain had taken the situation too far.
The attitude, "we're as good as European nations" was amplified more than ever by the jingoists, or extreme nationalists. Echoing this sentiment, Josiah Strong's "Our Country," recognizes the Anglo-Saxon advantage on the west shores of the Atlantic. As America sought to grow, America also sought to protect its overseas territories, and, more importantly, its existing territories. By acquiring Alaska, the Alleutian Islands, Midway Island, Hawaii, Guam, and Samoa, the perimeter of America extended. This issue of national security as a root for imperialism was mentioned in Henry Cabot Lodge's "Our Blundering Foreign Policy."
John Hobson, an English economist, saw imperialism as inevitable, for powers of production outpace consumption resulting in more profit for the mother country (doc 2). The United States was involved in imperialism due to the Monroe Doctrine of 1823, which made the western hemisphere an American protectorate and their victory in the Spanish-American War making them a Pacific power. Both Europe and America believed imperialism could bring them economic power and capacity. Imperialism was not strictly confined to economics; it also included the political aims of unique states. John Hobson deemed demand for foreign markets for manufacturers and investments was responsible for the adoption of Imperialism as a political policy (doc 2).
ZINN CHAPTER 4 1. What is the thesis of this chapter? Around 1776, certain important people in the English colonies made a discovery that would prove enormously useful for the next two hundred years. They found that by creating a nation, a symbol, a legal unity called the United States, they could take over land, profits, and political power from favorites of the British Empire. In the process, they could hold back a number of potential rebellions and create a consensus of popular support for the rule of a new, privileged leadership.When we look at the American Revolution this way, it was a work of genius, and the Founding Fathers deserve the awed tribute they have received over the centuries.
Jamestown and Plymouth: Joined Together but a World Apart In the early seventeenth century the English flocked to the shores of North America. Those who previously had no prospects rushed to settle the land and stake their claim. Some came for riches and power; others came to reinvent a pious covenant that was lacking in their homeland, but all came for opportunity. Jamestown and Plymouth were two such settlements that offered hope and a promise for a better future. Both colonies had similar needs such as food, shelter, and a form of commerce to sustain them.
If America were to remain under British rule it would only cause more conflict between the countries in Europe because other countries were trying to get a piece of America for themselves. Paine is saying that if America gains independence the fighting will stop among Europe, and America can benefit all countries with trade. 3.) Why does Chalmers equate independence with slavery? I think Chalmers equates independence with slavery because he already believed he was free under British rule.
All had representative assemblies Chapter 3 – Settling the Northern Colonies Pilgrims: Who; the most religious out of Puritans (Separatists) What; traveled for religious freedom When; arrived in New England in 1620 Where; from England Why; King James I chased them out because he feared that if they defy him as a spiritual leader, they would defy him as a political leader How; went to New England on the Mayflower Mayflower Compact; i. Purpose- for better “ordering and preservation”. They have to be unified to survive ii. Enact laws – by the body politic (majority vote) iii. Laws are just and equal iv. Promise to obey and submit Roger Williams Who; amiable and popular Salem minister with radical ideas; extreme Separatist What; threatened Puritan leaders – challenged them to cleanly cut ties with corrupt England and challenged legality Bay Colony’s charter (taking land from Indians w/o fair compensation) Denied authority of civil government to regulate religious behavior (treasonable act) When; 1630s Where; Massachusetts Bay Colony Why;
GKE1 Task 3, Historical Systems of Power and Authority Part A The rise of colonialism in North America occurred in the 1600’s by the British. Britain had sent to North America, colonists which were to establish new settlements in the name of the crown and Britain. Most of the colonists were privately funded with endorsement by the British government. The Idea of colonization was to establish settlements for the purpose of expanding a trade base for economic purposes. Britain colonized North America basically because they had a limited amount of land and natural resources, North America presented a great opportunity to expand their land holdings and create a source for raw materials.
This view is largely accredited because Pitt came into office in a difficult time but events around him seemed to benefit him rather well. Britain was entering the industrial revolution at the time, industry rose up and trade would boom due to expansion of the industries at home and abroad, the advancements of technology meant that Britain was going through a natural change that arguably Pitt was able to captain through leading to better fortunes. The natural opposition from the Whig party against the king led by Charles Fox meant that Pitt naturally had the Kings support against any opposition which could be thrown at him, the king would back him up. The American Revolution and his lack of connection to it meant that he was seen as a new politician not one of the previously failed governments who’s lack of control and rule in a situation. And lastly the regency crisis of 1788 meant that Pitt could use this to gain favour with the king and gather support from his own party and draw it away from the opposition.
Chapter 2 - 3 ID Questions Ch. 2 1. Discuss the major factors that prompted England to begin colonizing North America in the early seventeenth century. A joint-stock company, known as the Virginia Company of London , received a charter from King James 1 of England for a settlement in the New World . The main attraction that prompted England to begin colonizing North America in the early seventeenth century was the promise of gold, combined with a strong desire to find a passage through America to the Indies .