Why Did Opposition to the Tsarist Regime Increase

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Why did opposition to the Tsarist Regime increase between 1881 and 1904? Opposition to the Tsarist regime increased between 1881 and 1904 due to a mix of the effects of industrialisation, which lowered the quality of life for the peasants and the workers in Russia, and government policies such as Russification and upholding the autocracy. Industrialisation, which both Alexander the third and Nicholas the second prioritized in the 1880s and 1890s, caused a lot of problems for the peasants, which mad them oppose the autocracy. Land hunger was a massive problem throughout this time period and only 5% of Russia’s land could be used for farming. So this meant peasants didn’t get a lot of land, which became more of a problem because to aid industrialisation, a policy of export and starve was introduced. This meant that peasants had to sell as much grain as possible to survive, which although increased exports enormously, caused many peasants to starve and live in terrible conditions. This caused peasant’s standard of living to decrease and because export and starve was a government policy, some began to oppose the tsarist regime. Many peasants moved to cities and became workers. These workers were also crippled but enlightened by industrialisation meaning that again opposition increased. Because the government was putting as much money as possible into industrialising, wages stayed very low, causing many workers to live in horrific cramped conditions, which were prone to widespread disease due to the overcrowding. Taxes increased, worsening the workers financial problems and after being told that their hardship was to fund industrialisation for an eventual better Russia for everyone, in 1902 there was an industrial slump, which made it seem to the workers that their efforts were in vain. This increased opposition because the workers were looking for someone to
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