During the 1905 revolution over (100 people were killed 300 and were wounded; as they fought for their civil liberties. The October Manifesto appeased all of the classes (peasants, middle and working class) by promising different liberties the classes were fighting for. By signing a peace treaty with Japan, the Tsar raised his troops morale and also he paid them what they were owned (back pay). Because the army was still loyal to the Tsar, he sent his troops to crush the opposition, this attracted more hatred toward the Tsar. It was clear that the Tsar had to clear the newly formed alliance between the classes; but even thought they never really worked together they were still deadly as a whole.
Firstly, the most pivotal factor that led to the Provisional Government being ousted from power was the fact that, against the masses wishes, they did not withdraw from World War I. It was one of the main causes for their revolution against the Tsarist regime in February, yet the Provisional Government couldn’t withdraw due to the fact that they felt obliged to continue their war effort and help the Allied forces beat the likes of Germany and Austria-Hungary. Leaders such as Kerensky even assumed the masses shared their enthusiasm for a “vigorous, new war effort” against Germany, and so they organised the June Offensive. However, this battle proved to be a major disaster, leading to many soldiers deserting their posts, voicing their discontent with the government and some mutinying by firing upon their own officers. With the Army beginning to collapse, it was obvious that, unless the Provisional Government withdrew from the First World War immediately, a second revolution would occur and remove them from power.
When soldiers opened fire on demonstrators outside the Winter Palace on January 22, 1905, it was not in hopes of setting off a chain of events that would later be known as a revolution. Yet when hundreds of working class Russians were murdered that evening, Russia had changed. The protestors’ purpose was to beg the Tsar to exercise his authority on behalf of their miserable working conditions, though they were taken down by the onslaught of ammunition. It was enough to fuse off a chain of events that, if not for disorganization, a lack of coordination and military forces still loyal to the Tsar, might well have caused a revolution that changed Russia forever. One thing that changed very little in February of 1917 is the presence—or, more specifically, lack of presence—of actual revolutionary leaders.
The Bolshevik threat to Tsardom during the reign of Nicholas II wasn't as important as other threats from other political parties, the war and as Nicholas was to himself. The beginning of World War I signalled the beginning of the end of the Romanov dynasty. On August 2 1914 Tsar Nicholas II issued a formal proclamation of hostilities towards Germany at the Winter Palace to a crowd of thousands of cheering Russians in Palace Square. The Tsar abdicated the Russian throne three years later and the causes and the effects of his abdication were both numerous and large. Some believe the Tsar lacked integrity, others say Alexandra and Rasputin were to blame; still others blame the dismantling of the Duma and the harsh rule of the government.
This turned into great violence across the empire, with peasants even attacking officials. Fights between strikers and troops of the army were common, and students would also protest and partake in demonstrations throughout Russia. The violence caused Russia to lose 500,000 in the Russian-Japanese, which had a major consequence. Russia was in a civil war. Not only was it the population of the Russian empire that turned against the Tsars, but the Army too.
The decision to drop the bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki had many influential factors effecting the decision. There certainly was the possibility of success for an invasion, but the decision not to invade far outweighed the decision to invade. Conventional bombing and Blockade were considered in the effort to force Japan into surrender. But, the fact that the Japanese military were controlling the Government and were in a state of mind of absolute refusal to surrender, meant that this was not a reasonable option. Political factors were greatly influential of Truman’s final decision to drop the bomb and the threat of Russian military who were soon to advance in the region had its impact.
As the sailors were heroes of the 1917 revolution against the PG, their uprising came as a shock to the Bolsheviks, especially to Lenin. Nevertheless, Trotsky ordered the Red Guard to put down the uprising and Marshal Tukhachevshy rounded up the sailors, who shot them without a trial. Lenin realised that the peasants and some measure of economic liberalisation were essential for the regime to survive. Discontent could no longer be suppressed. Lenin said that the Kronstadt revolt was “the flash that lit up reality more than anything else”.
The 1905 Revolution was initiated from a peaceful protest by the Surfs but soon transformed into something much bigger. Although the Russo Japanese war played a significant part there was also a variety of other contributing factors; including the great famine, Nicholas II, Bloody Sunday and a society divided by autocracy. Firstly, how significant was the Russo Japanese war? In August 1904 Tsar Nicholas II declared war over the Japanese as they refused to let him have Korea under the soviet sphere of influence. Russia was naturally seen as the superior military power of the two but they failed to utilise this.
Therefore Liberals wanted constitutional reform and more power to be given to the Reichstag. Whereas socialists demanded social reform and power to the workers and trade unions. However conservatives, such as Bismarck wanted to conserve to the Junkers – the elite class. To do this he proposed the Anti-Socialist Law in 1879 and also passed the Tariff Law, which appeased the liberals. The years leading up to the war the German people were dreading it, there were protests in Berlin in July 1914.
As Stalin was he general secretariat, it was his job to do the invites for special occasions, Stalin decides to not invite Trotsky to the funeral and gave a heartfelt speech to the crowd on how much he loved Lenin and the people start growing on Stalin while Trotsky is seen as very disrespectful. This action by Stalin makes him very underhand and sneaky in not inviting Trotsky as he identified him as a threat because of his support from the party. However, even though Stalin joined together with Zinoviev and Kamenev when he saw that Zinoviev and Kamenev were heavily criticised for the way they portrayed Trotsky through is book called “Lessons of October”, they accused him of Trotskyism. When Zinoviev and Kamenev were seen as the bullies, Stalin knew it was bad for his reputation and left both of them. Stalin’s personality can be seen as two-faced because it was both Zinoviev and Kamenev who argued his case for Lenin’s testament not to be published which revealed that Stalin was not to be trusted, they argued that it undermined the authority of the government.