England was effectively bankrupt and on the edge of internal demise via privet feuds. The battle of St Albans can be pinned as the marking point for the start of the war,, but this would be highly unconventional to blame the conflict on one point such as this, as many other factors had been building up to this event since 1427 such as when Henry VI came of age. He was known as a puppet King, led by the government. It was this governmental rule that caused chaos amongst England and divided it as such, hope for the king to rule England efficiently with an iron hand seemed like an improbable dream. There was a massive loss of resources and income after the recline of land in France, leading to the powerful men of England to take arms in aid of their lords this lead to the battle of St Albans The weakness of royal power can be pin pointed to the king.
That wasn't right and had to change, yes. But a constitutional monarchy would have been the best option. That way, the King would only have been king in name but keep his stature, and the country would have been reigned by cabinets formed of the bourgeoisie, nobility and clergy. Unfortunately, the French chose the most violent way imaginable, and murdered everybody that stood in the way (or even dared to think differently) of the revolution. Absolutist power is always dangerous in the hands of a monarch as well as in the hands of a movement (in this situation, the National Assembly).
In 1625 Buckingham decided England needed a new ally in Europe in France after the failure of the Spanish match, they could see diplomatic advantages, France was becoming worried about the successes of the Hapsburg Spanish and might be persuaded to take part against them. This however made Puritan minded MPs suspicious of Charles as not only was Henrietta Maria, the King’s prospective wife, Catholic, but also the terms of marriage included toleration for Catholics – something Parliament would certainly not welcome, rather it resented the Crown’s decision to do this. The Alliance with France however, had broken down by 1627 leading England into war. Buckingham was to blame because it was his flawed policy of creating an alliance with the French under terms not possible to keep such as toleration for Catholics, which caused the French Chief Minister to decide not to join the English in a war against the Hapsburgs, because of which Buckingham reversed his policy of French alliance. Furthermore to gain popularity Buckingham decided to help the Huguenots who were held at the port of La Rochelle – again this was another flawed move as now England was at war with two countries.
Before John was King of England, for many years, the kings defended English territory within France by using English men and money. King John acted in this similar way but his military campaigns were unsuccessful. England and France were constantly at war. By 1204, he had lost his lands in northern France; this included his family’s ancestral land in Normandy and Anjou to Philip II. In order to continue battling France, the King forced from his barons greater taxes and additional military services, this angered the barons because he did not consult them before raising taxes; this was a violation of feudal law and custom.
France wasn’t part of the colonies like America was, America was sick of being treated badly, and unfairly so they decided to fight. But as for France they were having trouble with their government and needed to create a new one witch they did. And to me it seems like America had much more at stake. The American and French Revolution both worked out in favor of France and for America they both got what they wanted France got the government they fought for, and America parted ways with Britain. The two revolutions were a big part in both America’s history, and a big part in Frances history.
The Success of ‘The Edict of Nantes’ in 1598. The Edict of Nantes in 1598 was only a temporary solution to the religious wars in France from 1562-1598. There were several attempts to bring peace and unity to France during this time but each attempt was met with hostility by both sides and a common ground was not found until the reign of Henry IV. The problems with the Edict of Nantes’ predecessors were that they heavily favoured the Catholics and never met the demands of the Huguenots. The likes of the Edict of Saint-Germaine and Ambroise both gave small successions to the Huguenots but not what they desired.
When the French left American territory, the colonist felt more secure, more independent, but most important they felt that now they could do anything they put their mind and hearts to. On the other hand, the British did not even wanted to recognize them for fighting in the war; this created a gargantuan social conflict between the Americans and the British. By this time Americans were getting very irritated, and when parliament passed out the Quartering Act, obligating citizens to shelter the arrogant British soldiers under their roof, the colonist exploded. Once again, the philosophy of Voltaire emerges, with the ideal of never stop fighting for tolerance, reason, and freedoms of belief, speech and natural rights. When the American colonies started to demand their natural rights, Britain slapped them in the face by ignoring them.
The Puritans wanted to alter practices promoted by the Anglican Church as well as decrease the power of the discriminatory and corrupt bishops. After the death of the last Tudor, Elizabeth, King James I began to overtax the Puritans. The Puritans, persecuted by the King and angered by his favor towards the Catholics, had a falling out with England and therefore were voluntary candidates for colonists in the New World. Upon arrival in the New World; however, they preceded to practice intolerance towards others outside of their group. Puritan Massachusetts or the “city upon a hill” for example, instilled a theocratic government in which it was treason to oppose any Puritan practice.
Thomas Jefferson wrote in the Declaration of Independence about many things that the king of England was doing to persecute the colonists. Here are some of the things he listed: “He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance unless suspend in their operation till his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended he has utterly neglected to attend to them.” Which basically meant the King wouldn’t let them pass important laws they needed and the king wouldn't sign off on the laws, so when he wouldn't the colonists would suffer. Jefferson also wrote that, “For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us.” Which means that the government was making people house troops when they did not want to. Another one Jefferson wrote was, “For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by
This led to further economic collapse that hit its climax 1777. So in order for the government to dig its way out of this huge hole was for it to create new taxes, Calonne attempted to do this by side stepping the parliament which only resulted in a Nobles revolt and a call for an estates general. Brienne became the new minister to replace Calonne, however although his many attempts to try to fix the national debt and end the crisis he was sabotaged by Louis XVI and disgraced. Once again France was at this fragile point in its economy and with the high national debt and the high taxes that the 3rd estate, and second estate were paying it made it the perfect environment for a