Why Did Labour Win in the General Election on 1945?

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The Labour Party won a huge overall majority of seats in 1945 and this shocked the political establishment of Britain. This majority was primarily the product of the British electoral system, since Labour failed to win even half the total of votes cast. However Labour did poll more votes than the Conservatives and any explanation of why must focus on the positive appeal of Labour and/or the lack of appeal of the Conservatives. Many commentators have focussed on the election campaign itself, though the fundamental period for the rise of Labour and the decline of the Conservatives was in fact World War Two and the years leading to it. In Britain we use the First Past the Post (FPTP) system. This consists of a majority vote for a local MP in each of the 650 constituencies. A constituency is a certain area in Britain where you reside. When an MP for a party is elected to represent a constituency the MP gains a seat for his or her party. For a party to form an executive (government), the party needs a majority of 1 seat over the other party’s in the legislature (parliament). The British electoral system has come under scrutiny because a majority of seats allows a party to form an executive not the overall majority of public votes. In 1945 Labour won a landslide victory in the elections and gained a 180 seat majority over the Conservative party, and a 148 seat majority overall. For each seat Labour won they had polled 30,522 votes. However in the 1951 elections Labour had polled 231,067 more votes from the general public than the Conservative party, however the Conservative party gained 26 more seats and squeezed into power. This was because the Liberals only put up 109 candidates, which in turn allowed ex-liberal voters to instead vote Conservative. CHARLIE One of the main reasons why the Conservative party lost was because of their past record. Certain events in their
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