Furthermore, the empire was recovered with substantial leaders such as of Diocletian, Constantine the great and Theodosius. On top of that, the Roman Empire’s economy also suffered. The Roman economy suffered of increase in taxes and devaluation of currency. The amounts of money being spent on army facilities were towering. The government had raised the taxes in order to pay for his needs, which were mainly put towards military facility, such as gold and silver.
Ramesses II had many war campaigns. “Soldiers who served Ramessess made up one of the worlds earliest large scale armies.”(Nardo, 59) Their most renown rival were the Hittites, “Many cities such as Kadesh had moved their allegiance to the hittitie king”(Nardo,57) Ramesses II moved to attack territory in the Levant which was enemy territory of the Hittite Empire. “He was eager to dislodge the Hittities and their influence from Syria.” (Nardo, 64) Ramesses's forces were ambushed and outnumbered at Kadesh by the Hittites. He fought the battle to a tie and returned home a hero. The Battle of Kadesh was a personal achievement for Ramesses.
He faced many challenges, such as uniting the Britons after the brutality of which they were served by the Saxons and then defeating the Saxons at the Battle of Badon Hill. The unification of the Britons after the destruction of their homeland was a battle in itself, and the defeat of the Saxons at the Battle of Badon Hill made Aurelius an icon of hope and security for the Britons; hence the elaborate stories of Arthur being an epic hero. It is logical to deduce that the legend of King Arthur is based on the life of Ambrosius Aurelius due to the parallels between the fictitious life of Arthur and the factual life of Aurelius. Moreover, the personality that Aurelius depicts throughout the historical accounts is nearly perfectly aligned with the traits that Arthur shows throughout the legend. For example, a monk by the name of Saint Gildas wrote of Arthur and the Saxon’s
In the years between 100 C.E. and 600 C.E., Western Rome deteriorated from a strong centralized state to a divided political position, from a society that was at its cultural height in creativity to a total setback; however, Eastern Rome had a continuity of a centralized state as seen before in the Byzantine Empire. The Western Roman Empire prospered when they had a centralized government in the Pax Ramona period. The Roman emperors and armies ruled over vast regions of land. The centralized government built great infrastructures and roads all throughout the empire.
Periods of stability were mixed in with those of near collapse, while powerful generals or inciters of the Roman mob jockeyed for position. The political, social, and economic crisis of the Republic was ultimately solved by extending Roman citizenship to the provincials and by imposing social peace from above by the authority of first a dictator who was Julius Caesar, then an Emperor, Caesar Augustus. During the wars of the third and second centuries, the senate came to exercise enormous power (Spielvogel, p. 135). Beginning with the Punic Wars and Roman conquest outside of Italy, followed by massive importation of slaves, the face of Roman life was changing far more rapidly than the governing body could deal with. Political backbiting was and always would be a common trait in any system, but even the greatest of Romans like Scipio Africanus, was a victim to the whims of politicians.
Lucius Flavius Arrianus,, was a Greek philosopher and historian who lived some 400 years after the time of Alexander. His book is considered the best account of Alexander's reign (Document B (Lucius Flavius Arrianus, The Campaigns of Alexander, circa 130 CE.). This document shows one of many of Alexander's great military skills, he turns the enemies own weapons against their own army. Then his willingness to learn all kind of things, his Adaptation to the customs of other people as to prove himself as successor rather than the conqueror also proved him as great. What he did to show himself as a successor and not a conquer shows his efforts to keep peace.
The Rise and Fall of Rome and Alexander While the Roman Empire is comparative to the Empire of Alexander the Great, the differences designate each as unique and solo turning points within history. The Roman Empire was inspired by the conquest of Alexander the Great. Alexander the Great brought these empires and dominions to a series of rapid military conquests. The Romans would fall to the conquest of Alexander’s empire. The Romans would relocate and create an empire of their own built off the frustration and newfound sense of achievement coming from Alexander’s conquest.
It has been stated that the very success of the Roman Republic in war and imperial expansions led to its defeat. While this statement makes several valid points, it is likely that numerous other facets functioned in the fall of the Republic---especially that of Senatorial corruption and its ensuing lack of popularity. Gradually and with little warning, the surface of Roman life as a Republic began to transform at a rate that threatened the very fabric of the governing body. With the commencement of the second Punic war, a great disproportion of wealth grew evident. Whereas prior most plebeians were farmers or laborers who owned small but significant portions of property or earned adequate payment for their toils, upon the second Punic War, Hannibal destroyed this land, leaving plebeians homeless with little source of income.
The German public saw Hitler as god-like with his vast power and glorifying the German race as being the “master race.” When he finally reversed the power of the Treaty of Versailles and rebuilt Germany’s armed forces, the German nation basically did as he told them to do. This was seen as one of his major successes. Another would be numerous military successes. He united Germany after the humiliation of World War I and extended the Germen territory into Eastern Europe. This would be his military successes.
The sources used will explain the importance and effects of his rule on political, economic, and social aspects of Byzantines society. B. Summary of Evidence Justinian came into power in 527, his main goal was to reconquer the western half of the classical Roman Empire. He was one of the last emperors to speak Latin as a first language. Perhaps his greatest accomplishment as an Emperor was the rewriting of Roman law, which is still the basis of civil law in many modern day countries.