Why did Justinian attempt the re-conquest of North Africa?

3777 Words16 Pages
In A.D 527 the Roman Empire which had been severely depleted came under the control of the Emperor Justinian I. One of his main aims was to restore the Empire to the glory it had seen in former days and rebuild trade routes it had once used. This process of restoring the Byzantine/Roman Empire involved the formation and movement of great armies, established a support system to supply these armies, along with plenty of funding. The Emperor forced heavy taxes on the citizens of the empire and re-conquered domains to help pay for the wars he would wager. One of Justinian’s most acclaimed generals a man called Belisarius, who in various military operations lasting for several decades would out wit, out manoeuvre and out fight numerous different antagonists, such as the barbarian hordes of the Goths, Vandals and Avars to the more civilized professional forces of the Persians. During Belisarius’ long years of service he conquered vast amounts of territories, saved his nation as well as his Emperor. In this essay I will concentrate on what must rank as one of the greatest military operations of all time: the re-conquest of Africa in A.D. 533. The campaign to re-capture Africa has for the most part been simply summarized by historians in a few paragraphs or dismissed entirely as an ‘easy’ victory with very consideration of the facts. Most student of military history understand that many of these ‘easy’ victories often are the result of a combination of incredible, logistics, planning, generalship and even sometimes an ounce of luck. With everything in your favour just a single small mistake can undo all that preparation and devastate your entire military forces. This sort of mistake transpired more than 50 years before in A.D 467 when both the ruler of the Eastern half of the empire Emperor Leo I and the ruler of the Western half Emperor Anthemius, dispatched an invasion

More about Why did Justinian attempt the re-conquest of North Africa?

Open Document