Why did the German lose the First World War?
At the eleventh hour on the eleventh day of the eleventh month 1918 an armistice was signed. All fighting stopped. The Germans had surrendered. World War One was finally over.
However, at the beginning of 1918, it had looked as if the Germans might win.
The winter of 1916 was bad for Russian soldiers and the Russian people. The arrival of the German troops after Brusilov’s successful offensive in the summer saw the Russian army retreating again. Valuable weapons were lost and the army was running short of ammunition and medical supplies. The Russian army started deserting their posts.
The situation in Russia got worse and the Russian people rebelled in 1917 and the Tsar was overthrown. The overtaking Government surrendered to the Germans after two days of being in power. The Germans transferred all of the soldiers in the Eastern Front over to the Western front to fight the British and the French.
The 1918 Spring Offensive or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during World War I, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914. The Germans had realized that their only remaining chance of victory was to defeat the Allies before the overwhelming human and matériel resources of the United States could be deployed. They also had the temporary advantage in numbers afforded by nearly 50 divisions freed by the Russian surrender (Treaty of Brest-Litovsk).
However, the strategic goals of the operation were lacking. No clear single objective was established before the start of the offensives and once the operations were underway, the targets of the attacks were consistently changing according to the battlefield situation.
A blockade is an effort to cut off food, supplies, war materiel or communications from a particular area by force, either in part or