Why Did Europe Allow the Scramble for Africa

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Because We Could Harry James-Roxby There is no single event that caused the scramble of Africa, rather it was a series of choices made by European countries between 1870 and 1900s. Each nation had their own reasons for wanting a piece of the African “pie”, for Brittan it was to give the empire more power over trade, for the French it was for prestige, and for King Leopold II it was boredom and the means to do it. Before the scramble for Africa could happen, Europeans had to go through an industrial revolution that began in 1840, this boom created new tools and medicines that helped Europeans exert control over far off lands. The revolution ushered in an era of “New Imperialism” that helped spread the ideas of empire around Europe. With all the nations wanting a piece of Africa agreements had to be met so that a Europeans don’t go to war with one another. A decision made in the Conference of Berlin 1884 stated that in order to claim the land, the land must be effectively occupied by that nation. Brittan staked claims on each cardinal direction of Africa but the most important piece of land in British eyes was the Suez Canal. The Suez Canal connects the ports of Said and Suez together and was built with a French, British, and Egyptian agreement. In the follow up to the scramble of Africa, Egypt’s economy tanks because the cotton trade has dwindled in the region which allowed the British to buy more shares of the canal and ultimately in 1870, the British owned the canal. With the canal solidly in British control the criteria of effective occupation is filled for the entire canal including areas in eastern Egypt which was under control of the Ottoman Empire. In 1882 the British squashed an Egyptian rebellion and took command of the country of Egypt. To the south of Egypt is a place called Sudan that was ruled by the caliphate Muhammad Ahmad. Ahmad was the

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