Why Did Elizabeth I Pursue a Religious Compromise?

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For this question, key factors will need to be analysed in order to form a correct conclusion on Elizabeth 1's reasons for pursuing a religious settlement, such as England's religious turbulence or relations with powerful European countries. Beliefs in Elizabeth society on religion and gender roles will also need to be analysed when answering this question. Firstly, the religious turbulence that had plagued England for over twenty years greatly impacted Elizabeth's decision. England was a catholic country with the head of the church being the Pope. This continued until Henry VIII, so desperate to produce a male heir, broke Papal control over England and named himself Head of the Church that taught an offshoot of Christianity based on the teachings of Martin Luther, the Protestant Church of England. This change did not make much difference, as the main different was the head of the Church and belief about divorce. Many more changes came after Henry died in 1547 and Edward VI became king. Edward, led by his advisors, moved England completely from Catholicism and to Protestantism. He passed laws such as making churches and bishops more plain, services be said in English and creating the Book of Common Prayer in 1549 and a refined version in 1552. Upon his death in 1553 England's religion changed again under the rule of Mary I. Mary was Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon's daughter which meant that she was raised a Catholic. Almost immediately after becoming Queen in 1553, Mary began changing England back to Catholicism, mainly through oppression and persecution of Protestants, such as the two-hundred and eighty executions of Protestants in the five years of her reign. When Elizabeth came to power in 1558 (crowned in 1559) amidst great tensions, she had to make a decision, find a via media church, or make England fully Protestant or fully Catholic, either of which
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