The Dutch Republic, where Locke spent time, had been founded as a secular state which would allow religious differences. This was a reaction to Catholic persecution of Protestants. Once the Calvinist Church gained power, however, they began persecuting other sects. In France, religious conflict had been temporarily quieted by the edict of Nantes. But in 1685, the year in which Locke wrote the First Letter concerning religious toleration, Louis XIV had revoked the Edict of Nantes, and the Huguenots were being persecuted and forced to emigrate on mass.
• The people of Benin lost faith in their gods, their art deteriorated and human sacrifice became more common. Event: Council of Trent Causes • Pope Paul III saw a need for change and appointed a Reform Commission in 1537 to determine the Church’s ills. • The commission blamed the Church’s problems on the corrupt policies of the pope. Effects • The council of Trent reaffirmed traditional Catholic teaching in opposition to Protestant beliefs. • The Roman Catholic Church possessed a clear body of doctrine and was unified under the supreme leadership of the pope.
Within the public intensions the king wanted to bring the clergymen into the sphere of his subjects. Clergymen of England were under the influence of the Pope, and saw the king as a second leadership figure. The Monasteries were also an outdated system that needed to be changed, for the better according to Henry VIII. The Dissolution would also show if the monasteries were suitable to serve as hospitals and as educational centres for the people of England. However, Henry and Cromwell had their own private intensions to dissolve the monasteries.
He married a Catholic: Henrietta Maria. This caused great uproar amongst his people and Parliament. Parliament tried to stop him marrying a Roman Catholic in fear of Catholicism gradually seeping back into the country. Since the reign of Elizabeth, the country had been strictly Protestant. In 22 years, this was the first major sign of religious trouble.
Therefore by reforming the English Church and removing the Pope and making Henry VIII the Supreme Head of the Church in England, there was a revolution in the relationship between Church and State. Also as Thomas Cromwell, who masterminded this manoeuvre, had used parliament to enforce the reformation the principle that King-in-parliament was the highest form of authority. This sat very well with Henry VIII and appealed far more to those who lent to the positive and idealistic though secular form of anti-clericalism. This is one reason why the English Church did need to be reformed in the 16th century. Another reason the English Church may have needed reforming would be that many people lost enthusiasm for religious orders and religious images in the 16th century.
But that’s not the only reason religion caused the civil war, King Charles believed in the divine right. It was when the king/queen believes that god put them on the throne. So Charles took all the power because of this and Parliament didn’t want to go with his decision which contributes to the civil war. Also he made Scottish churches uses English prayer books which caused riots and England went to battle with Scotland. England lost.
They broke away from the persecution of church leadership and the King to come to America. The immigration of the Pilgrims to New England occurred in stages. The Pilgrims, fleeing religious persecution, broke away from the Church of England because they felt the Church violated biblical principles of true Christians. ‘Opposed to the Episcopal jurisdiction and the rites and discipline of the Church of England, the group had formed as a separatist church by 1606’, Pilgrims (2008) They committed themselves to a life based on the Bible. Evangelical Christianity in the 18th century represented something new but not in the sense of a creation out of nothing.
He reduced clerical privileges and, by charging the clergy with Praemunire, he undermined their power as representatives of the Pope in order to strengthen his own. Henry set about introducing the Bible in the vernacular and reducing the number of holy sacraments, having declared himself head of the Church, he began to make England a Protestant country. However, historians are divided over the extent of Henry’s influence and his motives. Some believe that the reformation was a ‘grassroots’ and progressive change caused either by anticlericalism and corruption in the church or by opposing movements like Lollardy and Lutherism. Even those who believe that the reformation came from above, like Haigh and Scarisbrick, disagree over Henry’s motives, whether he was persuaded by his desire for Anne or his pressure for an heir or by the influential factions in court or even by the financial or political advantages a break with Rome would offer.
Parliament would eventually go on to create the New Model Army in response to events that surrounded Charles I, personal rule and his marriage to a catholic Queen Henrietta Maria, the daughter of Henry IV of France. (1600-1649). (Visual Sources Book), Plate 10.1a, (p.52). (online britroyals). However, the trigger for unrest and the Civil War was brought about by the king’s demand for money through taxation.
Do you agree that the Church in England needed considerable reform in 1529? The English Church in 1529 was part of the Roman Catholic Church which was strong throughout Western Europe. By being part of the Roman Catholic Church it therefore meant that the Pope was in charge of the Church in England. By examining whether the church needed to be reformed in 1529 many factors need to be looked at and taken into consideration, like the popularity of the church, corruption, protestant attacks on the church, anti papalism all need to be examined to be able to then come to a conclusion on whether a reform was Necessary . A reform would therefore mean that the Catholic Church would be replaced with the Protestant Church in England a complete overhaul.