In doc. 2, one sees an assertion from Pope John VIII in 878 that all those who fought in the holy wars would be forgiven for their sins. This statement would have attracted many soldiers at that time period because of the religious fervor which was so common in the medieval ages. It was common for people to attend church several times a week and if the church would absolve their sins, it would be a way of attracting not only devout Catholics, but also people who perhaps had not followed the catholic
In 1095, Emperor Alexius I sent a plea to Pope Urban II, asking for troops to help reclaim Jerusalem from Muslim hands. The feudal state of Western Europe, as well as the widely established religious superstition and fervor, allowed for the Papacy to make a call to all able-bodied men to embark on this Holy Crusade. [ (A&E Television Networks, LLC) ] Pilgrimage to Jerusalem was already a sign of piety among Christians, and as persecution of Christians at Jerusalem had become more and more frequent, the presence of soldiers became inevitable. It was out of a need to protect the pilgrims that the Knights Templar were born. [ (Addison) ]
The King being the most important figure in England assumed he had all authority within England as he firmly believed in the ‘Divine Rights of Kings’ which is the belief that God has given the King his authority and so the King lives through God’s ‘legacy’. However, little did he know that his life would soon be very different to how it was. Charles’ army had been dissolved, and you would think that Charles should just compromise with Parliament as it would make everything a whole lot easier, but he knew there were divisions between Parliament which he then exploited. Being defated from Parliament and a superior New Model Army, the King thought he could surrender to Scotland and even that didn’t work out as he planned. ‘’In fact, the Scots took advantage of Charles and sold him to Parliament for £400,000 in January 1647’’.
The war against France from 1512-14 was a perfect chance for him to show his skills with foreign policy. England formed an alliance with the Pope, Ferdinand V of Spain and Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor against Louis XII of France. The first campaign was not a success, however Wolsey learned from his mistakes and in 1513 he launched a joint attack with papal support on France and successfully captured two French cities and caused the French to retreat. Wolsey was able to supply the troops during the war which led them to success. In 1514 he also negotiated the Anglo-French treaty which created temporary peace between the two countries and let Louis XII marry Mary, Henrys younger sister.
On the 11th June 1534, Thomas Fitzgerald, also known as the vice-deputy of Ireland, renounced his alliance to Henry VIII. This sparked a key rebellion of which would change the stability in Ireland for years to come. The Act of Supremacy in 1534, can also back up the point of the Kildare rebellion. In 1534, Henry was beginning to change the religion in England for the better of his future heir, Edward VI. England was a Catholic country, and so Ireland followed in its footsteps and was also a devoted Catholic country.
Rome sent Vespasian to suppress the revolt. Vespasi’s son, Titus was renowned for his military prowess and he took control of the besieging troops after his father became emperor. Jerusalem finally fell in 70AD and the revolt ended after the fall of the Massada fortress in 72AD. In 1822, Giuseppe Valadier dismantled and reconstructed the arch as directed by pope Pius VII (the seventh). Titus became the emperor of the Roman Empire in 79 AD.
Senate in 1806 and resigned the governorship in March 1807 to take his seat. He served only two years, however, resigning after the death of his wife. "He was ever faithful to the interests of the West and diligent in seeking the welfare of its inhabitants. He procured an appropriation of public money for the improvement of the Ohio River. He secured better and speedier transportation of the mails; a better and more rapid system for the surveys of western lands; and urged such modifications of the laws regarding sales of western land as would, to use his own words, 'guard the purchasers of them from unnecessary embarrassments and frequent ruin.'
December sixteenth, 1907, he dispatched the "great white fleet". A fleet that travled around the globe. Around the world voyage, its ships were painted white and was a fleet of worship "the most important service i rendered to peace" Next is his ability to resolve comflicts. n 1905, Teddy offered to fix the conflict between Russia and Japan, two nations that had been in a year long war over "commercial rights" in north China and Korea. Teddy rathered the Japanese but was worried that American commercial interests in China would be on the line no matter which country won the war.
This fusion made for a new kind of civilization theretofore unheard of, and Einhard’s biography artfully depicts Charlemagne as the living embodiment of the best qualities of the merging civilizations: A just king, striving to conquer and convert the nonbelievers and expand his kingdom, who also behaved conservatively in his personal life. Einhard describes the king as behaving modestly and indulging in excessive drinking and cavorting about as other kings in that position might – the ideal Christian ruler, strong, fair and modest. The monk and courtier Einhard was in a position of close proximity to the king that would have allowed him to see a side of the king that the public couldn’t. This lent an air of authenticity to his writing. The image Einhard presented to the public was that of a model king for the era; a mold by which to shape future rulers.
Usually the people worshipped a smaller, sometimes indigenous religion, sponsored by the state. These religions were notably polytheistic and had no real significance in later history. With the rule of the emperor Constantine, starting in 306 C.E., Rome became a Christian nation. Constantine claimed that he had seen a ‘cross’ marked on the sun after winning a key battle at the Milvian Bridge over the Tiber River near Rome. Constantine believed that a Christian God had helped him to win the battle, so he issued the Edict of Milan ending the persecution of Christians and ensuring freedom of worship to Christians and all other religions.