Prior to the war it was unusual for a woman to enroll in advanced courses, due to their distinctive role in the household. Lobor unions fough against the the hiring of women in factories. Women were paid half the wages of men; and worked in conditions that were dangerous and unhealthy. Existing unions were often hostile toward towards females. Young women and girls also worked as nurses during the war.
Do you agree with the view that, in terms of employment opportunities, women did not gain ‘any significant advantage from their wartime experience’? Many women, especially shorthand typists and munitions workers, earned for more than before the war and gained greater economic independence. Many women worked away from home were they experienced a sense of liberation from their restricted home lives. Trade unions initially opposed the dilution of labour but eventually recruited many more women. 350,000 women were in unions in 1914, but 600,000 by 1918.
However, women workers were primarily young and single, or widows, divorcees, poor married woman, or colored women. The majority of women continued to work in factories, agriculture, and as domestic servants. Nonetheless, new jobs were beginning to open up for some women as well. Numerous women began to find work in department stores. Middle-class women began to find job as typists, clerks, and telephone operators among others.
Before World War one, working class women mostly did domestic jobs such as servants. However as men went/left for World War one, they left their jobs behind and women had to replace those. As well as this, after the World War one, women now had a political right, which was a big improvement/change for women as they now had higher wages but not as high as men’s. Positive side Several sources highlight the new opportunities and experiences that the Great War provided women. The following sources illustrate this change that many have considered a turning point in women’s history.
In regards to the franchise, women’s political status has changed the most - women have been granted the vote on an equal footing with men, making this the most extensive and indisputable change. In 1868, whilst the skilled working classes could vote, women were excluded until 1918 and gained political equality in 1928. Forster’s education Act of 1870 emancipated women by allowing them to vote in school board elections, allowing them an opportunity to quell rumors of their emotional states rendering them unable to vote rational, giving them a stimulus for pressure group campaigns. By 1918, women were partially involved in the franchise - an extremely significant change as it made Parliament more representative of the population and increased the proportion of society that politicians were accountable too. Ergo this reform led to women being a focal point in policy, providing legislation as early as 1919 - a Sex Disqualification act and later the 1970 Equal Pay act.
Iron Jawed Angels Essay After watching “Iron Jawed Angels” I gained a strong sense of reality when witnessing what women had to do to achieve their independence and gain a place in a male dominated society. Up until the late 19th century, women were perceived as homemakers and were allowed only domestic duties in society but with the emerging industrial/political system women could now use there domestic skills to propel their voice in American government and society. Industrialism allowed for change in society and even encouraged it. During the 19th century, change was abundant and people had to be forced to become accustomed to it for it was needed. Freedom and equality for all citizens was continuously being stressed in society and with these ideals came realization from all walks of life that everyone deserves to be heard and considered.
Prior to the First World War women's role in society in western countries was generally confined to the domestic sphere (but not necessarily their own home) and to certain types of jobs: 'Women's Work'. In Great Britain for example, just before World War I, out of an adult population of about 24 million women, some 1.7 million worked in domestic service, 0.8 million worked in the textile manufacturing industry, 0.6 million worked in the clothing trades, 0.5 million worked in commerce and 0.26 million in local and national government (including teaching).  The British textile and clothing trades, in particular, employed far more women than men and could be regarded as 'women's work'.  While some women managed to receive a tertiary education and others to go into non-traditional career paths, for the most part women were expected to be primarily involved in 'home duties' and 'women's work'. Before 1914, only a few countries had given the right to vote to women, and apart from these countries women were little involved in the political process.
A People’s History of the United States: Reflection Chapter 19 Surprises This chapter goes back to the early 1900s to the times of advocacy for women. Zinn sums up the attitude fairly well: “Each time practicality pulled the woman out of her prison—in a kind of work-parole program—the attempt was made to push her back once the need was over, and this led to women’s struggle for change,” (zinn 504). Indeed, WWII brought out more women than any other cause, and it was here that women began to demand a change. And change occurred. “Women took the place they customarily took in social movements, in the front lines—as privates, not generals,” (Zinn 504).
Between 1890 and 1913 two groups were founded to highlight women’s suffrage and to push for reforms including allowing women to vote. Through the hard work and effort of the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) and the National Women’s Party (MWP) women achieved the right to vote in 1920 when the Nineteenth Amendment was passed. The current impact of the women’s suffrage movement in society today is the fair and equal treatment of women, having and sustaining the right to vote, and entering into politics. Although more women today are using the rights that were gained in the 1900’s there is still a long way to go. Issues such as equal pay, “the glass ceiling”, and political involvement are still being fought for.
Diversity Organizations Phylicia Calloway ETH/125 9/7/13 The women rights movement began in the nineteenth century with the demand by some women reformers for the right to vote, known as suffrage. Although the vote was secured for women by the nineteenth amendment to the U.S constitution in 1920, most of the gains women have made in achieving legal equality and ending gender discrimination have come since the 1960’s. (Farlex). Women could not vote, women could not work outside of the home and if they did they were treated with little to no respect. Women were supposed to remain behind men and were also expected to be supportive without voicing their own opinion.