Fear for ones safety, for ones loved ones and for ones nation can make any individual act. With this, it is no surprise that politicians use fear as a political strategy for their own purposes. Barrack Obama once stated “We have been operating under a politics of fear: fear of terrorists, fear of immigrants, fear of people of different religious beliefs, fears of gays that they might get married and that somehow that would affect us," (“Begley”). Fear has been used in politics to manipulate the people’s views and ideas. The government is meant to protect its citizens, so naturally if that government were to scare citizens and offer a solution to that fear, they would be more likely to supports its efforts.
In chapter five of Chris Matthew’s book Hardball, Keep Your Enemies in Front of You, is just about that: politicians using their enemies for gain and power. The author uses various examples of past presidents, such as Ronald Reagan and Abraham Lincoln, who hired past adversaries to help better their presidencies, reforms, and the public’s view of them. It also shows how the ‘enemies’ still can be against those who they work under if not controlled properly, such seen with Joseph A. Califano during Jimmy Carter’s presidency. Califano was against discrimination in schools and cigarette smoking, which lead to lost of support from Kentucky and North Carolina for Carter. Carter gave too much independence and paid for it, whilst Reagan put Jim Baker in a spot where Baker could not succeed if Reagan did not succeed either.
In presidential elections people vote for or against a president and this vote is formed from a variety of influences specifically the words of other people. Peers debate amongst one another when making a large decision like determining the nation’s next president. Their choice of words must be persuasive and supported with factual information, otherwise the opposing side will not be persuaded. The candidates work hard to build up a strong influential appearance, yet a slip of words or a minor reaction to an incident can destroy their reputation in seconds. It is easy for society to slander another person’s name; these same words have the potential to influence the outcome of a future generation.
Campaign contributions play an integral role in the political process; these funds are usually targeted donations by interest groups and corporations who will be expecting some sort of compensation for their financial support. If said politician is successful in their bid for office then its time for the politician to crudely put: pay up. For example an oil company might donate heavily to a politician that vows to keep environmental agencies off their back. This back and forth game between politicians and financial benefactors has become ingrained into the political process, Money talks and politicians listen. PACs and Super PACs although both are vessels through which to donate money to politicians, they have one key difference: Super PACs have no ceiling on how much money they can donate while PACs cannot donate more than fifteen thousand per year to national parties and no more than five thousand to specific candidates.
In other words, elections are usually dependent on what the people see and not what they hear. For instance, in Source C, it states, “Our national politics has become a competition for images or between images, rather than between ideals.” This quote explains that politics is more based on a candidate’s image rather then what they support. Pursuing this further, Theodore H. White in Source C says, “Nixon’s---light-colored suit, wrong makeup, bad posture--- was ‘fuzzed’.” This is a direct example of how an election can depend on a person’s characteristics. Nixon, having a bad representation of him-self, caused people to favor him less whether or not he had strong ideals that they agree with. To sum up, television causes people to approve the candidate’s that give more pleasure to the eye than those that give better
Each state has party meetings at which a nominee is selected to go to the national convention where the official candidate is selected. This could be improved by deliberately trying to get more people involved in the state nomination process. In this way the people can become more involved in choosing the nominee. If the nominee is more popular the Electoral College will be less likely to end up selecting the candidate with the least approval since the candidate will be someone who the people already have chosen. So one interesting possibility for Electoral College reform is to educate the voters more clearly and involve them in the process earlier on.
The presence and power of pressure groups in a state depends on a number of factors. Pressure groups can be reached out by the govt or can keep themselves from it. However, there are numerous factors which make pressure groups a backbone of democracy while other factors undermine it. Pressure groups enhance pluralism, which is a characteristic of democracy, as it encourages competing centres of power, representation and choice. Especially true where pro and anti- groups coexist, depicting all shades of opinion.
The chart below displays the differences between politics and administration: Politics | Administration | Deals with the “expression of the will of the people “. | Deals with the “Execution of the will of the people”. | Deals with Politicians | Deals with Civil Servants | One becomes Politician by his popularity ,either through positive or negative popularityPositive Popularity , e.g., Sonia GandhiNegative Popularity e.g. Poolan Devi | One becomes Civil servants by his intelligence | One becomes Politics through election | One becomes civil servant through selection | Prior training is not given to politician | Civil servants are professionals | Power is the Centre of study in politics i.e , process of capturing and retaining power | Running administration successfully is the central focus here | (Pandian, 2010) The advantages of using administration and politics dichotomy today are several. Many people depend on government services and support such as fire department, military, and environment protection agency.
In what ways do pressure groups enhance democracy? For some, pressure groups are a fundamental part of democracy. To others, pressure groups undermine the whole principle of democracy. Democracy is a system of government where decisions are arrived at by majoritarian principles with representatives elected at periodic elections where political equality and political freedom allow the voter an effective choice between competing candidates in a secret ballot. Pressure groups are a product of freedom of association, which is a fundamental principle of liberal democracy.
In term of politic that will affecting the 99 Speedmart is government policy. This is because the government policy gives opportunities for growth and profit an attractive manufacturing and export base in the region. Government commits to maintain the business environment that providing companies with the opportunities for growth and profit. However the changes in government policies may either affect positively or negatively. In negatively of the government policy is they can block business operations such as finance, marketing, or property and automatically it become risk for 99 Speedmart businesses.