Whose Philosophy Made More Sense in the 1960's

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Although Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X seem to have mutual respect and warmth, as shown in the picture of their only meeting, their philosophies were quite different from each other (Document A). Malcolm X made it clear that he believed that the African Americans and the White people should remain separate but should be considered equal to each other. He told white people “work in conjunction with us-each of us working among our own kind.”(Document C). Martin Luther King Jr., on the other hand, continuously preached equality and desegregation. He wanted White people and African Americans to work together. He said in his famous speech, “we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to climb up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.” (Document B). It is evident that Malcolm X was only trying to push America backwards. By the 1960’s, Negroes were already enrolled in White schools and he was encouraging blacks to establish all black institutes and educational work shops (Document E). Martin Luther King’s philosophy was perfect at the time because it was pushing America forward more into desegregation. Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X had opposite views when it came down to how they wanted to fight the Civil Rights Movement. King took the nonviolent path while Malcolm X led his way down the violent path. King believed that Blacks shouldn’t cooperate with evil and marching and boycotting was their nonviolent arsenal (Document F). He believed that violence increased hate and that it was a spiral that leads to nowhere, it solves no problems (Document J). He even considered violence but then said, “in the event of a violent revolution. We would be sorely outnumbered… American Negro has no alternative to nonviolence.” (Document L). Martin Luther King Jr. firmly believed in the power of love
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