In this essay, I am going to talk about identity issues triggered by emotion, by social or cultural background. The first text which I am going to use as an example is A White Heron, written by Sarah Orne Jewett and published in 1886. This is the first text that we’ve discussed in the seminar. This is a short story about a little girl, Sylvia, who lives in a little house in the middle of the forest with her grandmother. The main character finds herself in such a situation that she has to make a choice between nature, her home, and the temptation, represented here by money.
Analysis of `The Flowers` by Alice Walker The Flowers by Alice Walker is about a 10 year old girl called Myop. Myop is just an innocent girl who collects flowers, and this day she decides to take it to another level. She walks into the woods to find new wonderful flowers. Things get more unpleasant as we continue to read the story. Myop decides to go back home where it’s safe and secure, but on her way back home she literally steps on a dead man.
Using material from item A and elsewhere assess the usefulness of sub-cultural theories in explaining sub-cultural crime and deviance in society today. Subcultures, such as the ones mentioned in item A consist of a group of people whom share the same norms and values together, yet oppose mainstream culture. Criminals are seen to become part of a subculture as their values are different to normal society. These criminal individuals have rejected society’s norms and invented their own as they feel that society has rejected them, which means they become materially deprived and blame society as it has not met their needs. However, the criminals resort to things such as burglary to maintain materialistic property.
Manipulation such as this can be found in the essays, “Putting Down the Gun” and “Why Johnny Won’t Read.” It is popular culture that sets the trends. Mass media and marketing know the psychology of people, making it easier for them to be manipulative and earn a large profit. Like the mass media, one author in this conversation section was stereotypical. In "Putting Down the Gun," by Rebecca Walker, she explains how her young son came home from school one evening “not himself”. Due to his lack of participation in sports (something that will attract the girls) he felt alone.
ASSESS THE USEFULNESS OF REALIST THEORIES FOR UNDERSTANDING C+D IN SOCIETY TODAY. Both left and right wing sociologists have attempted to develop ‘realistic’ theories of crime that offer practical solutions in dealing with the issue. However, the way these two approaches go about this is radically different, as right and left realism are from completely opposite ends of the political spectrum. Although like all sociological/criminological theories, they have their limitations and flaws, both approaches have proven useful in understanding crime and deviance for a number of reasons. Left realism is particularly useful in understanding crime and deviance because it avoids the age old divisions between structure and action.
By further explanation of the halo/horns effect, the author gains some persuasion but yet the illustration and examples given do not apply to all situations. The author’s point of view is not persuasive due to overgeneralization. Even though attractive people may possibly leave a good first impression to others, it would not lead them further without good inner personalities. Especially when it comes to friends and lovers, the primary consideration for most people would be common interests, honesty, and kindness instead of a good appearance. Furthermore, Katz’s notion that beautiful people can “cash a check with far less hassle than a plain Jane or John” is very misleading since professionals such as educators, bank clerks are often trained with strict disciplines of treating every person equally with same respect and patience.
Dorothy and her mother had a great relationship, they where always making fun of aunt Lucy and how she was the ideal mother and wife. One day, when Dorothy is a grown woman, her mother dies. Meanwhile, aunt Lucy had lost her husband and has turned 75, so she is an old lonely woman. Of gratitude for all the summer holidays Dorothy had spend at aunt Lucy’s, she invites her to stay at her place for a couple of days, so she doesn’t have to be alone while she is grieving over her sisters death. At first Dorothy can’t even recognize aunt Lucy, she has always pictured her as this kind chatty woman, but now she is cold and quiet.
Durkheim went on to say that crime isn’t only inevitable, it can also be functional. Durkheim argued that it only becomes dysfunctional (harmful to society) when its rate is unusually high or law. He argued that all social change begins with some form of deviance. In order for change to occur, yesterday’s deviance must become today’s normality. Since a certain amount of change is good for society (so that it can progress rather than stagnate), so is deviance.
A White Heron; Realism and Naturalism at Their Best Sarah Orne Jewett does an excellent job of bringing the pages of her story to life. Her depiction of life on a farm in Maine brought me back to my childhood growing up on a farm in Indiana. Because of the great way she describes how life really was back then and the way she uses the exact words people spoke, this story belongs in a class such as ours. In Sarah Orne Jewett’s A White Heron, the main character Sylvia is a young girl who seeks refuge in the desolate wilderness of Maine. Afraid of people, and brought to the wilderness by her grandmother, she escapes the crowded manufacturing town she had lived in the previous eight years of her life.
In Native Son, Bigger commits such a heinous crime that the entire city ridicules him. Although he is clearly despised by the general public in the story, the audience feels a connection with Bigger. At some points, the audience may feel disgust for him because of the crimes he committed, but at other times the audience feels empathy for him. This effect of juggling Bigger as a good guy or bad guy is purposely brought upon by the author, Richard Wright. Along with flipping around Bigger’s image, it flips the views of the audience on the characters that interact with Bigger, too.