Internal motivators within this need can include accomplishments and self-respect (Wood, 2010), internal motivators are motivators that are found within our own person in order to aid in achieving goals for ourselves. The second types of motivator within this need in known as external motivators, these types of motivators are motivation that come from individuals and situations that are outside sources such as family, co-workers, and friends. The external motivators within this need include “recognition, Attention, and social status” (Wood, 2010, p 12). The external motivators help individuals to feel good about themselves but obtaining recognition for a job well done, or even getting a better job to be included in a social status that is higher. Belonging Needs The third need that is
Durkheim argues that there are two main functions of education, these are social solidarity and specialised skills. Social solidarity means that we work together because we are part of a community, and that education provides us with with a shared set of norms, beliefs and values. It is through education that we learn to adapt to wider society.Specialised skills are the qualifications that we earn by the end of our time in education. These qualifications sift and sort everyone into specialised occupations. It is through education where we earn an achieved status.
One’s life experiences can lead to a person's "construction of reality" by living the realities of everyday life. Daily interactions and experiences can ultimately be the deciding factors in our ability to construct and maintain the definitions on how we perceive ourselves and others. These typifications are generally formed by society and supported by our daily communications with others. Societal role and status play a major part in how one’s life experiences can lead to a person's "construction of reality". Roles are the patterns of someone’s behavior that we identify within each other as a depiction of a person’s social status.
The cultural influence a person is surrounded by plays a large role in the development of their identity. Culture is the combination of values, beliefs, and practices of a particular group. The culture each person lives in shows them how to dress, talk, act, acceptable behavior, and gives a guideline of what is considered acceptable and normal. As a child grows up in a particular culture they absorb the beliefs, and practices, then begin to use them in everyday activities. This process is known as acculturation.
Hence, microsociology’s objects of interest are individuals, who shape ‘our everyday realities’ as these realities are ‘socially constructed’. (Macionis and Plummer, 2012: 208). Microsociology demonstrates the accomplishment that is social order, ‘which provide the social context or conditions under which people act’ (Layder, 1994: 4). It is formed from people’s everyday interactions and exists in norms, customs, traditions and regulations. Social order plays a significant part in regulating and organizing peoples’ way of living within society.
These include things such as the family, education, the justice system, the mass media etc. which are all essential parts of an individual’s everyday life. Within these complex structures is the basis upon which society exists. A social institution “is an established and organized system of social behaviour with a recognized purpose” (Andersen and Taylor 2011).To thoroughly evaluate the nature of social institutions it is common to analyze two of the main perspectives; the functionalist and the conflict. The functionalists gave five functional requisites which these social institutions provide: Replacing members, socializing new members, producing and distributing goods and services, preserving order, and providing a sense of purpose (Henslin 2012a).
Attachment is the relationship between two persons, that forms a bond for a healthy relationship. It provides safety which can help in forming relationships in later life. Attachment contributes to a person having self value, this is a persons opinion of themselves. They will also know the value of respect and have that respect for others and themselves. Attachment can form at any age but early attachments are formed through being sociable from birth, this happens through interactions with people from the moment they are born.
Symbolic Convergence Theory focuses on how groups communicate with each other and shares stories to create fantasies. • Structuration Theory. A general framework that explains how people use rules and resources to interact in a social system. Structuration Theory is where groups follow particular rules in their interactions that produce some sort of outcome. • Functional Theory.
This view suggests that communication occurs between people who have known each other for some time or share relationships and view each other as unique individuals. We engage in interpersonal communication not only to gain information of another person, but to learn how to effectively communicate with them and create and sustain relationships. Therefore, we would be better able to predict how they think and know who they are. One theory that reflects this is the “Social Penetration Theory.” When people get to know each other better, the layers or the walls come down and exposes ‘true colors’ of the person. (Altman & Taylor, 1973) However, this is generated by the process of self disclosure, the sharing of hidden
Assessment Task: SHC 31 Promote Communication in health and social care or children’s and young people’s settings An Identification of the different reason people communicate Introduction: Communication is a tool with which we exercise our influence on others, bring out changes in our and others’ attitudes, motivate the people around us and establish and maintain relationships with them. Communication makes a major part of our active life and is a social activity. This social activity is pursued verbally through speech, reading and writing or non-verbally through body language. Effective communication helps us better understand a person or situation, enables us to resolve differences, build trust and respect, and create environments where creative ideas, problem solving, affection, and caring can flourish. As simple as communication seems, much of what we try to communicate–and others try to communicate to us–gets misunderstood, which can cause conflict and frustration in personal and professional relationships.