To what extent was the Great Depression the main reason for Hitler’s rise to power? One of the main reasons for Hitler’s rise to power was the effects of the Great Depression of 1929. After the Wall Street crash, the U.S. called in its loans to Germany thus increasing both poverty and unemployment levels. The Weimar government did not understand how to reverse the situation so the general public became angry and lost confidence in the relatively new democratic system. During a depression, political trends become extremist and so the Nazis flourished; Hitler offered both a scapegoat and himself as a strong leader to look up to.
However, this source is published by the Nazis in the lead up to the 1932 elections, most likely being bias. It’s also important to note that it’s a typical Nazi source, glorifying Hitler and depicting the average German family as struggling and brave, pleading to get out of the inherited disaster left by the Weimar Government. Not only did Hitler capitalise on the economic problems, he was successful in highlighting the faults of the treaty of Versailles. Source 11 introduces Hitler as a hypnotist by describing his words “like a whip”. Karl Ludecke stated that he was ready to attack any enemy, proving that Hitler’s words created a “hypnotic spell by the sheer force of his beliefs”.
Paiman Ahmadi Words and Circumstances It is clichéd to state that time is of essence. However, history itself is a witness to the amount of truth such a statement holds. ‘The Book Thief’ starts off when Germany is defeated in World War One and how the nation gains strength under the direction of an obsessive nationalist, Adolf Hitler. Being held accountable for the war and under massive debt and distress, Nazi Germany had worsened, as a result many people had a difficult time living and adapting to the changes brought by the Nazis’. The Book Thief, by Mark Zusack is narrated by death, which tells us the story of Liesel whose environment influences the life decisions she makes and how certain events change her perspective on humanity.
While it cannot be denied that Adolf Hitler’s anti-Semitic views became ingrained in his early days in Vienna. His hatred of Communists, democracy and Jews along with his dreams of a greater Germany seemed to have all made an impact on his character there. Anti-Semitism was endemic in Vienna at the time and it was through the literature available to him that Hitler began to discover the different organisations that he felt exploited the working man in Germany. One such organisation was the Social Democratic party which he believed to be the workings of the people he would direct his systematic hatred towards- the Jews. The question historians have long since debated is whether Hitler’s hatred led to his decision on the mass murder of the Jews in the 1920s and thereafter worked with consciousness and calculation towards that goal?
The Nazi’s held on to power by using some violent and clever tactics, one of theirs was the Reichstag March elections in 1933. Within 24 hours of being appointed chancellor, Hitler called a new Reichstag election. Hitler believed this would pull in more votes and enhance his own status. Violence and Terror dominated the meeting with the Socialists and Communists being regularly broken up by the Nazis. The Nazis used hate and fear to great effect in their elections, Hitler wanted to appeal to the German people so he blamed the prevailing poor economic conditions on the democratic government and the communists.
The era in which a composer lives and experiences greatly affects their choice of language, form, stylistic features and purpose. Fritz Lang’s 1927 film ‘Metropolis’ and George Orwell’s 1949 novel “Nineteen Eight Four” exhibit the effects of context on text through the representation of the distribution of power and the consequences of rebellion, and how these messages are shown through totalitarianism and oppression. Lang experienced the autocracy of Imperial Germany as well as the atrocities of World War I and the effects of the Weimar Republic. During the 1920s, spiralling inflation and increasing unemployment led to the greater separation of the social classes, and thus frustration and oppression. Orwell’s experiences somewhat mirror Lang’s, in that he saw the devastating effects of fascist Germany during World War II, and the gripping fear that held Britain during the Cold War.
The nature of fascism itself was very aggressive and linked to the rise of dictatorships also increased the idea of revenge and violence. Germany and Italy also dealt with the economic crisis in 1929 in an aggressive way. And the fact that the League of Nations should ensure peace in the world and it was weak and failed facing Germany and Italy aggression let both countries became even more powerful and aggressive. One of the reasons for the German and Italian aggressive foreign policy was The Paris Peace Settlement, which was created to punish Germany. Nobody was happy with it and Italy and Germany wanted revenge.
Arguably the biggest was the Wall Street Crash in 1929 and the following unemployment that followed. This could further be seen through the weaknesses of the Weimar Republic specifically with problems of the Article 48. Hitler’s own ability as a leader should also be considered as electoral success shows. Finally other reasons could be through violence and intimidation (SA and SS) and popular policies. However it can be argued that the roots of Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor in January 1933 lie in the disaster of the Wall Street Crash of 1829 and the subsequent depression.
History of Horror Films 1890 – 1929 | The late 19th century was when Horror films started to be created. The most popular theme of them at the time was the devil and evil/bad karma making disillusion events occur. Horror films originated in Japan where a lot of movies consisted of people being possessed and cursed in films, such as Bake Jizo which was produced in 1898. The majority of horror films during the 1910s and 1920s were made during the German Expressionist era which had a big influence on films that would later influence Hollywood horrors. Some of the earlier Hollywood films such as The Hunchback of Notre Dame, The Monster and Dr. Jekyll and Mr.Hyde show the aspect of the unusual and fictional characters which are portrayed as monstrous figures to show the theme of being possessed and acting violently which became popular throughout the 1900’s.
The Holocaust was caused by three main factors; Germany's loss of World War I, the Great Depression, and Antisemitism. Rooted deep within were the feelings of humiliation, anger, and revenge. In 1918, Germany was humiliated. The loss of World War I caused life to change among the Germans. In 1928, the Treaty of Versailles was signed putting Germany in great debt.