What were the weaknesses of the Spanish Republican governments from 1931 to 1936? Essay

739 WordsMar 30, 20093 Pages
Republican governments of post Restorationist Spain generally didn't fair as well as their Western European counterparts for a variety of reasons. The Second Spanish Republic, as indicated by its name, only had one predecessor, which lasted less than two years. It would therefore be fair to say that a generation of people accustomed to monarchism and dictatorships were unfamiliar with the bipolar system thrust upon them. People lacked confidence in the system, which favoured majority voting and usually unilaterally supported laws. Another contribution was the lack of participation on behalf of two big groups, Anarchists and Syndicalists, who refused to run in elections. In 1931, the left wing coalition won the general elections, though no party held an absolute majority the PSOE (Spanish Socialist Workers Party) were the most represented party of the coalition and also counted on the Trade Unions and Anarchist non abstainers. The left wing parties, especially the Socialist and Republicans, decided to unite in order to combat the unified right wing parties, these big coalitions made passing laws difficult for the ruling governments and the few that did pass were seen as oppressing and unfair by political opponents, notable examples include the limitations to the Church and the increase of privileges for the poor. The new parliament repudiated a proposed constitutional draft by a reformist Catholic lawyer and immediately rewrote it with extremely Socialist principles. These principles did not go down well with the more moderate members of the coalition and bitter debates followed for much of the following two years (Bienio). This lack of agreement between the internal factions may have been a decisive factor in the Right Wing's election in 1933, but so too was the Left Wing's lack of compromise in it's two years which, in turn, led to
Open Document