It established a weak central government with strong individual state governments. Because of this the federal government was too weak to maintain control over all the colonies, which led to many problems amongst the states. It left the country without a political leader such as a president. It also left the country no way to pay off the war debts from the previous years and it was lacking a tax
SIngnificantly the To an extent the Nazi party was seen as weak. This was due to the limitation of the party in its earlier years. The Nazi grew out of a small right-wing party which Hitler took over after 1919. At first the NSDPA has no programme, no headquarters and no organisational structure. This clearly presents pre 1929 the Nazi party was not sufficient enough, as a foundation for the party was non-existent.
The election for the coalition results in 76% supporting pro-Weimar parties, showing that the opposition and threats to the government had settled. People in Germany were no longer looking for extremist parties which was proved by the failure of the right-wing coalition. In theory the coalitions should have worked well with the cooperation from all parties. However, the SPD were reluctant to work with other parties subsequently weakening the democracy. This proves the political instability of Germany in this period as they were the largest party in the Reichstag but still refused to cooperate.
Although I believe there was a genuine threat of revolution I do not believe that this on its own can be regarded as a major risk to the stability of the country and thus forced reform to be passed. Pre 1832 the political system was unequal for representation to population as large cities such as Manchester and Birmingham were less represented than small wealthy boroughs. The electoral system was also very corrupt with bribery. The government in pre 1832 consisted of very few men who were pro reform as this would have effected there places of power, the lack of mps who were pro reform made it very difficult for the lower classes to gain the vote which they believed they deserved. This is shown in document 3 of the wjec pack.
One of the problems was that there was fewer that twenty- six claimants to the imperial throne, known as the “barracks emperors.” Generals was mainly who seized power, held it briefly, and then suddenly lost it between rivals. Not only did they face the barracks emperors but also because of there sheer size as an empire. When Constantine ruled population declined and the economy contracted which emperors found it difficult to handle and protect the Roman Empire. As for the Gupta Empire internal problems was not an affect to the decline of the empire. Epidemic diseases were the cause of decline in Roman and Han empires, but wasn’t an affect to the Gupta Empire.
The Great Reform Act also achieved the majority of the middle classes’ aims by giving them the vote and by protecting their property although the benefits to the middle class were certainly less pronounced than those enjoyed by the Whigs. The Working class and radicals however, would have seen the act as a great betrayal to all that they had actively campaigned for in the period of excitement for reform leading up to 1832 as it actually decreased their political power in most instances. The Radicals and the Working class would have felt moved towards indignation and would have been deeply disillusioned by the Great Reform Act which was passed in 1832. It was described as ‘a trick’ by Felix Holt in a contemporary novel in which the middle class who had so championed the principle of reform in their effective leadership of the working class yet had been appeased and bought off by the Great Reform Act in the eyes of the working class. Some of the changes introduced by the act may have at first seemed extremely significant and progressive yet at a
Balfour’s position as Conservative prime minister after Salisbury’s death in 1902 did not help the Conservative cause. Although he was highly intelligent, Balfour lacked political skills. He was not as sensitive to public opinion as Salisbury, proved indecisive on tariffs and seriously miscalculated the reaction of the working class on key issues. Balfour had piloted the 1902 Education Act through parliament and so incurred the hostility of the nonconformists. He failed to foresee the anger that both the Chinese labour issue and his refusal to reverse Taff Vale would cause amongst British working men.
This weak government had little legitimate authority and state sovereignty heavily outweighed the decisions made by the confederation. It was this state sovereignty that also greatly hampered the US economy as the states all had differing interests and hence the economy didn’t work well as there was no one government controlling it. There was therefore a great threat that the confederation would break up because of all the problems faced by the powerless confederation. The constitution therefore was the Americans’ way of dealing with these problems. Thanks to the constitution’s amendable nature it has lasted the past 200 years and is still the backbone of the American nation.
The system arose gradually as states began to feel that the previous method of allowing party officials to decide was undemocratic in a modern society. That the current system is democratic and encourages public participation in politics is a particular strength of primaries. Adjoined to this is that it places no restrictions on who can stand, however, despite its benefits many people have criticised the system and are pressing for its reform. Emphasising the huge costs, frontloading and regionalisation of primaries, critics state that for all its claims to be democratic it prohibits the candidates from competing on an equal level. Equally the low levels of turnout in primaries suggest that many people are not interested in the primaries and raises questions over the legitimacy of any winner.
Also the league wasn’t responsible enough to take care of all the problems in Europe as its powers were not so strong. Also the interests of the leading powers were normally fulfilled so the League in reality didn’t have any power to execute its rules they made up, thus being the weakest point of the league. The League of Nations was set up by the twenty six clauses in chorological order from 1~26 in the Treaty of Versailles, it is called the Covenant of the League