What Were the Causes of European Imperialism in Africa?

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In the mid-1800s, Europeans began expanding their power and influence over vast areas of Africa. It marked the beginning of the Age of Imperialism. During this time, many European nations raced in their objective to seize control of as many African nations as they could. Africa was very culturally diverse; people were divided into hundreds of ethnic and linguistic groups. The lack of unity in Africa served as a strong advantage, allowing Europeans to govern the land with only minor upheavals from these groups. Industrialization had set the stage in such a way, that the demand for raw materials and new markets grew immensely. Europeans were in need of raw materials to fuel their factories, and they also wanted to sell their goods to new people. This urged their search for new colonies. In their competition for colonies and trade, European nations grew a strong sense of national pride. Some nations felt superior then their neighbors if they had more colonial power. As more Europeans colonized Africa, a sense of superiority among Europeans grew. Racist attitudes were taken against Africans because they’re scientific and technological progress was nowhere as evolved as that of the Europeans. A popular theory among Europeans, called Social Darwinism, was that those who were fittest for survival enjoyed wealth and success and considered better than others. According to this theory, Africans were considered to be on lower scale of cultural and physical development, because they hadn’t made as much modern progress as the Europeans. Various factors were conducive to the Europeans’ acquisition of Africa. One compelling advantage was the Europeans’ technological supremacy. The Europeans had steam engines to transport them, and automatic guns to defend them. The complex division of Africa made it hard for them to resist European advances, especially when their

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