The primary motivation for European invasion was economic. The Europeans were seeking to create a profitable trading environment and make money. They were also looking to further industrialize their country. This desire for industrialization, which included the need for raw materials, markets, and convenient trading outlets, was a driving force in the imperialistic conquest and colonization of Africa. Africa contained a great number of natural rescources valuable to Europe such as: cotton, palm oil, rubber, ivory, gum, peanuts, bananas, coffee, cocoa, zinc, lead, coal, and copper.
Andy Bartlett 11-19-06 DBQ Imperialism in Africa In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries European imperialism caused its countries to divide up the rest of the world, each country claiming bits as its own. Due to its large amounts of resources, Africa was one of the main areas in which European nations established colonies. Imperialism in Africa had both positive and negative results for not only the Africans in the colonies, but the European colonizers as well. Some positive effects on Africans were that they were provided with security by their ruler and new technology was brought to them. Some negative effects from them were the Africans loss of freedom, slavery, the loss of their land and natural resources to the colonizer, and a decrease in African nationalism.
4) They also provided “security of person and property in lands that had known little or either.” (Document 4) D) For the colonizers, there were multiple positive effects Lachman 2 1) African colonies provided raw materials that boosted supply in Europe, improving the economy 2) Colonizers benefited through trade because foreign trade routes were introduced through the colonies III) Negative Effects E) The African peoples who were colonized were economically exploited by the invading Europeans. 5) “The white rulers of the colonies live at the expense of the natives” (Document 1) 6) The Europeans would not only take the natives’ land, but take hold of their resources, made the natives work them, and “take the wealth out of the country” (Document 1) 7) Africans were reduced “to poverty in the midst of plenty” (Document 3) 8) Although Africa was abundant in resources, the colonizers used and benefited from them for their own good,
The development of competitiveness may be treated as a positive impact as well since the wider market is the more severe is competitiveness. In socio-demographical terms globalization contributes to free movement of labor force that is obviously positive for the countries which suffer from unemployment and in such a way they can export their labor force. Finally, some specialists believe that elimination of financial barriers is also positive since it contributes to development of free trade. However, practically all positive impacts mentioned above have their other side, that is rather negative. So, if some countries (basically developed) become richer due to globalization than it is natural that they do it because other become poorer (basically developing).
This could be because China has increasing links with Africa. China does a lot of trade within Africa as well as investing money and culture within the continent. This also helps with Chinas popularity as they give less fortunate people in Africa opportunities. For example they have built railway tracks to help people trade and make money. Furthermore, China has possession of nuclear weapons which increases their ‘fear factor’.
These and many other questions still remain to be subject of concern to scholars. Colonization of Africa by European countries was a monumental significant in the development of Africa. The Africans took into account the impact of colonization on them to be perhaps the most important factor in understanding the present condition of the African continent and of the African people. Therefore, a close scrutiny of the phenomenon of colonialism is necessary to understand the degree to which it influenced not only the economic and political development of Africa but also the African people’s perception of themselves. This dissertation focuses on the reaction to colonialism from 1900 to 1964 in Northern Rhodesia.
Although they are not the poorest of the African nations, both share the same socio-economic problems – high unemployment, inflation, inherent need for constant international aid and consequent sub-standard living conditions. The future of Nigeria looks brighter than it ever did, but unfortunately the same can not be said about Ethiopia. For Africa as a whole, it remains bleak, with vast portions of the population subject to a significantly poorer standard of living than in the West. The 1880s saw a flurry of imperialistic ventures into Africa by the most powerful nations of Europe. Known as the “scramble for Africa”, Great Britain, Spain, Belgium, Holland, France, Portugal, Germany and Italy carved the continent up between themselves, giving very little to no regard to existing populations.
In addition, imperialism "also brought jobs and industry to the colonies [and it] introduced the ideas of constitutional government to the Africans," (pg 578 AGS World History). Imperialism caused major negative aspects in Africa. In this case, Africans felt "they that Europeans got more of imperialism than they did," which suggests labors were treated as slaves. " The first step towards whiteness" (History Alive), this is a racist comment from an advertisement. The Europeans saw themselves as superiors over those who are not civilized.
For more than three centuries the European nations had extended their influence and imperialism into other continents such as Asia, Latin America, the West Indies, and Africa. This was possible because these European nations were relatively economically and militarily stronger than the people of other continents. The Scramble and Partition of Africa The scramble for Africa, also known as the Race for Africa, was the rush or hurry for African territories by European powers. These European powers rushed for African territories due to several reasons. These causes can be categorized into economic,
One factor that helped economical expansion was industrialization. During colonialism, Africa experienced a rise in its economical power due to new means of exploring natural resources, such as railways and new mining technology, brought in by the Europeans. Even though the colonists took away a large amount of the resources, it still had a massive impact on Africa’s economy as Leander Heldring and James A Robinson stated in their article “Colonialism and development in Africa”. Another factor that helped Africa to expand its economy was the introducing of the African goods on the international market. Education was another good effect of colonialism.