Charlemagne or Charles the great, Carolingian monarch. He was a very strong element in unifying Western Europe through the blessing of the church. Charlemagne Grandfather had partnership with the church during his period of time; he was the one who started the process to bring Western Europe together, in the belief that everyone should be Christian. Charlemagne father, Pepin the short contiutued this process thought the Western Europe and passed his beliefs on to Charlemagne. All three Carolingian monarchs wanted the church to reform, wanted to reorganize the church under the pope; all this would help raise their power as the Carolingian dynasty.
The priests hoped to resolve the issue when Pope John Paul II visited Nicaragua in 1983. During the pope’s visit to Nicaragua, many Catholics in the country held high expectations of him. The Nicaraguan Catholic hierarchy hoped that the Pope would support them on the atheist approach used by the Sandinista government. The Sandinista government also fought for their belief to have peace. These people were hoping the pope would say some words of wisdom and of consolation to the families who lost loved ones to daily counterrevolutions.
Henry VIII began his reign as a loyal Catholic, accepting the Pope as head of the Church. The Pope even gave Henry the title, ‘Defender of the Faith’. This was a reward for writing a book that defended the Pope against criticism from a German reformer called Martin Luther. However, things did not stay the same - Henry VIII and the Pope had a quarrel. It was over Henry’s marriage to Catherine of Aragon.
The terms of the Act meant the Church was disestablished and disowned, leaving it to govern itself. It would also be deprived of some of its property which would now be redistributed for education purposes/catholic churches. It was the most successful Irish Act ever and extended the principle of religious liberalism to Ireland. The Act was so liberal, it could be considered radical. As well as this, Gladstone also wanted to improve landlord and tenant relationships as the landlords could easily evict tenants randomly as it was a very unfair controlling system.
The medieval church: The Christian church influenced life in the middle ages by numerous church activities, such as spiritual services, political powers, economic activities, social services, educational work and missionary work. Spiritual Services: The sacraments were a sacred ritual of the church and they were the only way to avoid eternal suffering in hell. By participation in the sacraments and following your faith you could avoid that eternal suffering. Political Powers: The Church has absolute power over the religious life of Christians in the middle ages. The church had created its own set of laws, which applied to religious teachings, behavior of the clergy and it also provided morals for life and marriage.
They wanted to gain numbers to support Catholicism and show that it is the true religion. Because of this, they forced the Native American to become Catholic like themselves. They set up convents and brought missionaries to help convert the Indians to Catholicism. The Spanish were mostly interested in taking gold from their settlements. Their settlements didn’t last as long as Britain’s colonies because they did not have anything else to do economically after they ran out of gold.
Source 1 is a letter personally written by Wolsey to Henry and it indicates that his efforts were noticed by Stafileo and this shows that he did attempt to speak to the Catholic Church in some way. It also shows that he did not want to let Henry down and he gave Henry hope that he was trying his best to get the annulment by explaining that Stafileo was on their side by writing a book which supported this case. This is also shown in Source 3, when Catherine of Aragon says ‘you have kindled the fire in Henry’. This quote shows that Wolsey was acting on Henry’s behalf even if it does mean that he had a role in ending the marriage. Since Source 1 is a letter to Henry from Wolsey, there is no chance that Wolsey would lie to his master and it also shows Wolsey’s confidence as he managed to convince Stalifeo to agree with the annulment and to write a scholarly book.
The overwhelming majority of Europeans at this time were devout Catholics, who believed that the pope had the power to absolve sins and ensure their passage to heaven which would have been one of the most important reasons for fighting in the crusades. The pope probably wrote this to boost moral and ensure that nobody deserted the Christian army during the battle. Because if the reward for fighting in the crusades was heaven, it can be almost certain that the punishment was going to hell. This would have been characteristic of Catholicism at the time, which was known for threatening damnation as a punishment for doing something that went against its will. In doc.
The Church supported the Nazi emphasis on the military; in 1936 priests accompanied the troops as they re-entered the Rhineland. The church also had the same views as the Nazis Party including their Anti-Communism policy, Anti-Weimar policy and Anti-Jew policy. This means that the church would always stand by and help out the Nazis whenever they could. The Church supported the Nazis and if they destroyed the Churches; the Nazis would lose a lot of power. To conclude all of the points are linked and are important to why the Nazis did not destroy the Churches, however their evidence suggests that the reason why the Nazis did not destroy the Churches was because destroying the Churches would mean less support for the Nazis, therefore not having complete power over
Although in some areas this medieval system of power severely restricted rights of the individuals, it also bestowed upon others certain privileges and authority according to their placement in the hierarchical structure. As a prime example, religion in sixteenth century France was placed on a very high pedestal in society, therefore the authority of the church and its teachings weighed heavily upon all characters. Bertrande’s quest for absolution is one such scenario that acknowledges the power of the church, and therefore the Curé, as an agent of god. “No matter, said the priest... it seems to me that he has been towards you both wise and gentle. Go now in peace...Be disturbed no more.” Janet Lewis fabricates the Curé’s absolute power and supremacy over Bertrande through the ease and finality of his voice, “warm, Definite and uncomprehending.” This diction used by Lewis connotes a strict and influential tone, foregrounding the Curé’s dominating authority.