What Was The Role Of Congress In The 21st Century

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Chapter 13- Congress A. Introduction * Congress can expand or contract the appellate jurisdiction of the U.S. Supreme Court. * Congress is considered to be a broken branch, and has ben the object of more mass public mistrust and more elite reform proposals than the presidency or the federal judiciary. B. Congress Versus Parliament * The U.S. along has a congress, while Great Britain has a parliament. * Differences affect two important aspects of lawmaking bodies: how one becomes a member and what one does as a member. * A person becomes a member of parliament by persuading a political party to put his or her name on the ballot. Made up of people loyal to the national party leadership who meet to debate and vote on party issues. * A person becomes a candidate…show more content…
* Parliament has very little pay, and low power. * Congress has a high pay, and high power. * U.S. Congress is more concerned with their own constituencies and careers than with the interests of any organized party or program. Also, worrying about the voters they represent is more important than worrying about whether the president succeeds with his programs. This mean Congress is a decentralized institution. C. The Evolution of Congress * The Framers did not want to have all powers concentrated in a single governmental institution. They wanted to balance large and small states. * Bicameral legislature- a lawmaking body made up of two chambers. * Critics of Congress complained the body couldn’t plan or act quickly. * Two competing values: centralization versus decentralization. * Centralization needed for quick and decisive action. * Decentralization needed if congressional constituency interests are to be dominant. * The House of Representatives changed the way it organized and

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