What Was the Most Serious Problem Facing the New German Republic in November 1918?

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The new German Republic faced a large number of political, economic and physical problems at the end of World War I. Having lost World War I they had taken a huge beating, taking huge numbers of casualties and their leader, Kaiser Wilhelm, being forced to abdicate. However I believe that the most serious problem they were facing was bankruptcy due to their ruined economy. Before the war, Germany had been very industrial and powerful, having the third most powerful economy in the world, behind Britain and USA. However after the war their economy had been ruined and there was very little money in he system, leaving them almost as a third world country. National income was roughly a third of what it was before the war, and production was about one-third down from what it was in 1913. On top of this the State had to pay out about a third of the national budget to widows in war pensions. Because of all of this Germany was virtually bankrupt, which led on to cause many other problems. Very soon there were strikes calling for a Communist Revolution, as German workers were unhappy that restrictions were being placed on their earnings, whilst the factory owners still made fortunes. Bankruptcy was such a serious problem because it not only meant that the country had very little money to work with for repairing itself, but also could lead to a complete revolution and a change of power. After the war there was a lot of political unrest which Germany had to try and settle. A “political vacuum” was created after the Kaiser was exiled, as there wasn’t really anyone who could take over and lead the country. The Kaiser had had a Chancellor and a Reichstag, but they had very little power, as the Kaiser had no obligation to listen to them as an absolute monarch. Even when someone took over it would still be difficult for the population, who were used to being told exactly
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