How successful were the Labour reforms of 1945-51 in meeting the needs of the British people? Throughout World War II, Britain was run by a government formed from a coalition of Labour, Conservative and Liberal politicians. During the war, the government became much more involved in people's lives. As part of the war effort, the government organised the rationing of food, clothing, and fuel. Most people were pleased with the government's intervention intervention and wanted it to go further.
To attack on their own border would take longer and there would be much more resistance from the French so it was decided that they would march through Belgium and take Paris within a couple of weeks. They calculated that the Russian Army would below in their advances giving them enough time to take Paris and crush the French resistance, so they could then prepare for a war on the eastern front. Germany had decided to put some men in Prussia, so they would not be confined to Germany, if the Russians responded more quickly to the attack. So on August 1st, Germany declared war on Russia and 2 days later on August 3rd, on France. What actually happened: The Schlieffen Plan was a big gamble by the Germans, and it could have well resulted in defeat for France and Russia, however the plan backfired on the Germans.
Other than the chance discovery, another factor that held back Fleming was government funding. After Fleming published his results, the government wasn’t interested in developing it because they thought there was no need for it so with no funding, Fleming decided abandon his research. After his discovery it took Florey and Chain another 10 years to read about it and start the research. At this time, WW2 had broke out which deprived the government of a lot of money as many factories and other places were being bombed, hence Florey and Chain also didn’t get any funding from the british government because penicillin required a range of equipment and people which the government couldn’t provide. Penicillin only came to Britain after it had been mass produced in USA which took another 3 years.
His efforts to document the American Civil War on a grand scale by bringing his photographic studio right onto the battlefields earned Brady his place in history. Despite the obvious dangers, financial risk, and discouragement of his friends, Brady is later quoted as saying "I had to go. A spirit in my feet said 'Go,' and I went." His first popular photographs of the conflict were at the First Battle of Bull Run, in which he got so close to the action that he just avoided being captured. After some time He employed Alexander Gardner, James Gardner, Timothy H. O'Sullivan, William Pywell, George N. Barnard, Thomas C. Roche, and seventeen other men, each of whom was given a traveling darkroom, to go out and photograph scenes from the Civil War.
George Caleb Bingham was a painter and politician born in Augusta County, Virginia on March 20, 1811 and died on July 7, 1879. He showed an early interest in drawing and supposedly would draw on the sides of barns and fence posts at his family’s farm. Eventually, he moved to Missouri and by the time he was about twenty he began to earn a living painting portraits. Bingham traveled to New York and Philadelphia where he became inspired by other artists who painted scenes from everyday life. Aside from painting, Bingham had strong political opinions, which not only showed up in his artwork depicting his support of the Whigs, but he also held some elected positions in his lifetime.
The idea of increasing the United State's territory had first derived in 1802 when Spain forbade America to access to the port of New Orleans, granting Thomas Jefferson with immediate panic. After assimilating information about the French-Spanish secret agreement over Louisiana, Jefferson became intimidated with fear over American accessibility of accessing the Mississippi River for commerce. Because of Spain's control over the port of New Orleans and banning of U.S. access, American commerce was disturbed throughout the country. Jefferson advocated Robert Livingston, the American Ambassador to France, to negotiate with France over the purchase of the port of New Orleans and the surrounding area for a cost of two to ten million dollars. Fearing loss of a future war with Great Britain and after failing to reconquer it's former colony, Haiti, France sought to sell the land known as Louisiana Territory that had been acquired from Spain in 1800.
C.J. Anderson March 21, 2012 Brief Synopsis of the French and Indian War The French and Indian War, fought mainly on the North American continent over nine years, began because of the insatiable desire of Great Britain and France for more land and more control over the colonies. At its unofficial start, no one knew how devastating the consequences of these enemies' unbridled greed would actually be. This conflict, actually a continuation of the Seven Years War in Europe, commenced as a result of orders by the British government to George Washington, directing him and a few men to deliver a message to a French captain in the Ohio area, demanding that the French vacate the region. When the French refused, Washington built a fort with British authorization.
“I shall never forget the ecstasy with which I received the intelligence that my old master (Anthony) had determined to let me go to Baltimore, to live with Mr. Hugh Auld, brother to my old master’s son-in-law, Captain Thomas Auld”(Douglass, 30-31). Here he learned how to read and with time write. “Mr. Auld found out what was going on, and at once forbade Mrs. Auld to instruct me further, telling her, among other things, that it was unlawful, as well as unsafe, to teach a slave to read” (Douglass, 35). The fact that he learned how to read and write made it that much easier for him to know what was going on in the country and helped with him being able to successfully escape.
This change was due to executive order 8802 put out by President Roosevelt in response to pressure from civil rights activists A. Philip Randolph. Even with changes in the military it still was enough. Black soldiers were told that they are fighting to defend democracy but as stated in document #1 "Our war is not to defend democracy, but to get a democracy we never had." What was going on in Europe was a life changing experience because for years the Jews were being tortured and killed for various different reasons. As stated by Leon Bass in doc 8 " If the Holocaust can happen here, it can happen anywhere...and nobody raised a voice."
This was a society looking to eliminate poverty and crime by removing the social problems that caused them. He made such a huge impact with this movement, that by 1917, its membership had grew to 30,000. The organization didn't cease to exist until 1994. The Quaker City was considered to be the first muckraking novel. Some people were enraged by the lurid subject matter, but it also drew many people to it.