It was much harder for blacks to get a job, and there employment position could be described as ‘the last to be hired, the first to be fired’. African Americans faced discrimination almost in every job, and they earned less, often due to the poor educational opportunities. The voting rights were different in the North from the South. In the North, almost all African Americans could vote. In the South however, the blacks were disfranchised, since the state governments introduced literacy tests, tests on the knowledge of constitution and Poll taxes, which African Americans had trouble with, because of poor education and financial problems.
Hispanic Americans predominantly worked in the farming industry within California, but were only employed seasonally during harvests. Therefore, average wage was only $1,378, which meant they usually lived low quality rented accommodation. One of the main reasons for Chicanos poverty was farming unions had no legal protection consequently it was hard to fight against the injustice. However, influential individuals such as, César Chávez the leader of the Community Service Organisation, National Farm Workers Association and later the United Farmers Workers was key is bringing about a change of Hispanic Americans status. The turning point came when the newly formed United Farm Workers launched its first big campaign in 1965 taking strike action involving over 10,000 farm workers.
He and his minority were forced into poverty and “less than sufficient” living conditions. Despite him achieving success, the discrimination he faced was great, and most minorities were not so lucky. Looking at a chart of Factors for downward mobility, the minorities had less opportunity and were also forced to pay more than the majority. Finally, both Tateh and Booker T. Washington had to live under poor living conditions and unequal treatment in their lives. To quote the Declaration of Independence “…all men are created equal, that they are
They had jobs such as railroad track layers, brick layers, grave diggers; fruit, vegetable and cotton pickers, doormen, elevator operators.Almost 1 million black farm workers lost their jobs, many moved to the cities where they shared similar experiences with the immigrants; low paid jobs and poor housing conditions.In the northern states, decent jobs went to the white population and discrimination was just as common in the north as it was in the South and many black families lived in ghettoes in the cities in very poor conditions. On the other hand one reason that black Americans did benefit as before the war less than 2% of the population in the southern states could vote but by 1945 around 15% of black Americans in the southern states had been registered to vote. Another reason that the black Americans did not share in the economic boom was that the living situations for them was appalling. 40% of housing available to black Americans in Washington DC was found to be sub standard where as only 12% of white housing fell into this category however as a result of boom the amount of unemployed black Americans fell. It fell from 937,000 to 151,000.
The system of land distribution was unfair and most peasants received 4% less land than they had rented before, many received much less. In reality they had less land than when they were serfs. This was seen as unfair as they believed that, because they had worked the land for generations, it should now belong to them. The Mir still restricted peasants’ movements and as consolidation and enlargement of property was difficult, there was little incentive to improve the land and adopt modern methods, resulting in a decline in productivity The huge redemption taxes also meant that the peasants had to sell many of the crops they needed to eat and the Mir kept the peasants tied to their commune and still controlled by rules. Peasants felt disappointed and disillusioned and many rioted.
Also, the vast majority of black Americans were disenfranchised by grandfather clauses and literacy tests which made it very hard for black Americans to vote. Finally the Ku Klux Klan terrorised black Americans using techniques such as lynching. By contrast in the Northern States, segregation was rare. What is more, Black Americans has greater access to higher-paid industrial jobs and many were organised in unions. However, on average black workers earned 50% less than their white counterparts.
Many of these facilities were, education, healthcare, transport, cinemas, restaurants and churches and even housing and estates were segregated. This shows the extent white went to separate them from the ‘inferior’ race. Jim Crow laws limited black Americans from having a better way of life as they were made poorer, didn’t have the opportunity to managerial roles as they were only allowed the low paying jobs and weren’t equal to white people increasing poor conditions, also, led to unequal or no voting rights in coloured communities. Under the Fifteenth Amendment black people had legal rights to vote across America. However, many southern states found ways around the laws to disenfranchise the black populations.
In the South, only 15% of southern blacks were allowed to vote and this marked as a contrast to their black’s political situation. Secondly, there were economic differences. Black people in the south worked in the agricultural sector as well as in domestic service jobs which were very poorly paid. Blacks earned less than the whites; 53% of whites’ wages. It was rare for African Americans to be promoted, as the white workers would walk out or even cause a riot.
The areas of society affected by segregation included churches, hospitals, theatres and schools. Black people had the worst jobs and the poorest standard of education. Black people also found it difficult to register to vote because of the following: * Poll Tax – A tax had to be paid in order to be able to vote, and most black people were too poor to pay the tax. * Literacy Tests (reading) –
Introduction Human rights have been championed through the ages in civilisations all around the world. For many cultures human rights and freedoms mark the duties, behaviour and responsibilities accepted as appropriate in a society. This idea can be explored through the debate of the rights of Women in Australia, the plight against racism experienced by African American people in the 1950s and the effects of The Cold War on society. Paragraph 1 For many years, African Americans were starved of basic rights and freedom. In the early 17th century, European settlers in North America turned to African slaves as a cheaper, more plentiful labour source than indentured servants and were treated inhumanly.