Usually when thinking about witches we think of brooms, coulodrons, warts, black, and cats, however the people of salem had totally different views. They believd witches just acted different .Jonathan Edwards "Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God" also had similar views about how God felt about his people or as Edwars would say worms and spiders. The Puritans believed in original sin and predestination. In Salem Mass around the 1690's many non puritans came to America to escape execution but some underwent execution ,once again ,by the Puritans . In the Salem Witch trials different people were being executed .
John Proctor is punished for his honesty, Abigail Williams is rewarded for lying, and the townspeople are all affected by the unfairness of the Salem witch trials. At the outset of the novel, Abigail wanted Proctor back more than anything else. When he turned her down, ensuring they would never be together, Abigail’s intentions changed. Her mindset was now revenge, and she would do anything and everything to get it. She makes up various lies in order to destroy the Proctor marriage.
John didn’t want to be named a liar, he admitted to committing adultery, and the last thing he wanted was his name nailed on the church’s wall because he signed a lie. John Proctor sacrificed his soul because he knew he couldn’t have another name. “Because it is my name. Because I cannot have another in my life, because I lie and sign my name to lies! Because I am not worth the dust on the feet of those that hang!
Part of McCarthyism was paranoia and finding scapegoats and blaming innocent people, without viable evidence, for something they didn’t do. In ‘The Crucible’ people were assumed guilty of witchcraft and compacting with the devil. If someone said they were. McCarthyism was the exact same except instead of accusing people of witchcraft they accused them of being a communist. The accused had two options; either they “admit” to being a witch/communist and name others, or maintain their innocence and be hanged/blacklisted.
In 1692, the Salem witch trials led to much chaos and confusion. Approximately nineteen victims were killed due to the accusation of witchcraft practice. Specific characters led to the controversy of the witch trials causing conflict between the innocent and the guilty. Reverend Hale is a revered individual of the court in the beginning of the play due to the witch trials because he stands by the authority and its laws. As the play continues he later realizes the blasphemy of the court's accusations and tries his best to stop the trial and saved all the innocent people.
He even gets mad at her, saying that he “will not have [her] susp[ect] any more” (Miller, 54). To stop the reminders his wife gives him of his infidelity, he upbraids her. Elizabeth becomes the innocent victim of Proctor’s wrongdoing. Guilt affects others, not only the sinners. Furthermore, Proctor is guilty of dishonesty because he is the only person who knows that Abigail’s allegations of witchcraft are fraudulent but he is too afraid for his reputation to tell the truth and risk exposing his adultery.
John Proctor was definitely not a man without mistakes, but I believe that he did more good than bad in the end. Some of his actions were bad, but you have to look at the situation he was in. John Proctor was a victim of the Salem Witch Trials. The Salem Witch Trials were a series of hearings and prosecutions of people accused of witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts, between February 1692 and May 1693. In the book, The Crucible, a young group of girls are accusing people around the town as being bonded with the devil.
John Proctor tries to confess his affair with Abigail in order to prove to the courts that she is a devious liar, but he gets inadvertently overruled by his wife who had knowledge of the affair, but not John’s confession. Eventually, Abigail flees and the courts continue to prosecute and eventually hang those who did not confess. Three characters that encountered a crucible during the play are Giles Corey, Elizabeth Proctor and John Proctor. Giles Corey faced a crucible because he has to choose between exposing his source that can prove Putnam is against him or keeping quiet and protecting that
When he tries to confess to the court about his sin to prove that he would not lie about the witches, the court puts him in jail for lying ironically. Before his hanging, he has a conversation with Elizabeth, his wife, stating, “I cannot mount the gibbet like a saint. It is a fraud… It is pretense for me, a vanity that will not blind God nor keep my children out of the wind. What say you?” (Arthur 136) John was considering saying that he had see witch craft to keep his life. When they asked him to sign his name to the confession he said, “ Because it is my name!
In The Crucible, Arthur Miller uses situational, verbal, and dramatic irony as a way to demonstrate how the lies about witchcraft turned into chaos in just a short time in Salem, Massachusetts in 1692. The accusations of witchcraft that led to the witch trials, resulted in 27 people convicted, 19 people hanged, and one man crushed to death in just 8 months. Situational irony is used in the play very often because what actually happens, is completely the opposite of what is expected. When John Proctor is asked what the ten commandments are, the one he forgets is adultery. It's ironic because John Proctor loves his wife, and he cares for his reputation yet he puts himself at risk with Abigail.