This paper will evaluate Lee’s military strategic capability in the context of the war and his battlefield leadership, demonstrating how his aggressive “Virginia first” strategy directly contributed to the Confederate loss. The combination of Lee wasting irreplaceable troops in frontal attacks and his refusal to help reinforce the Confederate West put the South on the road to defeat. Did Robert E. Lee Lose the Civil War for the South? We all know the Confederacy lost the American Civil War. Traditional history holds that the South was defeated by overwhelming Union manpower and resources.
The battle of Gettysburg was one of the turning points of the Civil War in America. Before the battle occured the Army of Northern Virginia had won most of the major campaigns in the eastern theatre of war, including the first Battle of Bull Run , The Peninsula Campaign, a stalemate at Antietam, Second Manassas, Fredricksburg and finally Chancellorsville two months prior to the Gettysburg Campaign. After the loss of the battle Confederate hopes began to dissipate on European intervention, winning the war on the battlefield and becoming a self-governed nation. Never again would General Lee attempt and invasion of the north. With the victory of Gettysburg the Union Army of The Potomac gained great confidence in their ability to fight and quell the southern states rebellion by force.
By defeating the northern army on their own grounds, he hoped to bring the population of the north into a panic and settle for peace. He hoped this would convince them to allow the south their own country. General James Longstreet was General Lees second in command of the Northern Virginian Army. Historian Jeffery Welt wrote that General Longstreet was the finest corp commander in the army of Virginia. He also stated that Longstreet was the best corp commander in the civil war conflict on either
It carried on all the affairs of a separate government and making a major war until defeated in 1865. Their way of life that was based on slavery, was irretrievably threatened by the election of President Abraham Lincoln in November 1860, the seven states of the South Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina and Texas seceded from the Union during the following months. When the war began with the firing on Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, they were joined by four states of the upper South Arkansas, North Carolina, Tennessee and Virginia.
The Battle of Chickamauga Battle Analysis SFC Clint Hale 2/26/2012 Abstract The battle of Chickamauga pitted the Confederate forces of General Braxton Bragg against the Union forces of Major General William Rosecrans’ on 19 and 20 September 1863 in the dense forests and small open fields in northwestern Georgia. The difficult terrain lead to problems with command and control that the south was able to exploit. The battle was won by the Confederate generals but was the first of a series of event that lead to the Army of Tennessee being driven out of Tennessee. The Battle of Chickamauga Introduction The Battle of Chickamauga was fought on two days (19-20) in September, 1863. This battle was the culmination of Major General William Rosecrans' Army of the Cumberland late summer (23 June - 20 September) 1863 campaign to maneuver General Braxton Bragg's Army of Tennessee out of Tennessee.
The aftermath of the war was a complete an utter devastation when it came to casualties. The Civil War was documented as the deadliest in American History it caused about 620,000 soldiers death and an undetermined amount of civilian causalities; it ended slavery, restored the Union, and strengthened the role of the federal government. General Grant and General Lee were both graduates of West Point. General Lee graduated from West Point in 1829 second in his class and General Grant graduated in 1843 twenty-first in his class. While both great generals started, their military careers the same way the rest of their careers were very different.
The North army was the Union (led by General Ulysses S. Grant) and the south was the Confederates (General Robert E. Lee). The most famous battle (the Battle of Gettysburg) had the most effect because of the one few-minute speech: the Gettysburg Address. The Battle of Gettysburg in Pennsylvania had a big effect on the armies. In that one battle, the North lost 23,000 men and the South lost 28,000 men. The North won and General Lee took his army back to
When the United States refused to surrender Fort Sumter in South Carolina, the Confederates attacked the fort, beginning the American Civil War. Later, four more states (Arkansas, Virginia, Tennessee, and North Carolina) joined the Confederacy for a total of eleven. In his whole period as President, he had to rebuild the Union with military force and many bloody battles. He also had to stop the "border states", like Kentucky, Missouri, and Maryland, from leaving the Union and joining the
Civil War Essay BY Vanessa Crow Dog The American Civil War is considered one of the most defining periods in American History. It was the most deadly conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of 620,000 soldiers. Another reason it is studied so much is because Abraham Lincoln, who was the president at this time, abolished slavery with the defeat of the southern states. The war was a four year conflict between the federal government and the Confederate States of America. The Civil War started on February 9, 1861 when the Confederate States of America was formed, with Jefferson Davis was president.
“Once an Army has taken the field no medical function is more important than the care of the wounded.” (Doctors in Blue, Adams, p59) The Battle of Kelly’s Ford was one of the early, large scale cavalry battles of the American Civil War. It would set the stage for other battles such as, Brandy Station and the Gettysburg campaign. After the withdrawal of the Union troops the casualty count was somewhere around 130 on the Rebel side and approximately 70 on the Union side. Among those wounded was a young Lieutenant Nathaniel Bowditch. He was shot in the abdomen, during the first Union charge after they crossed the Rappahannock in pursuit of the Rebels.