What Is Jainism Essay

808 WordsJun 4, 20144 Pages
Jainism Jain is an old Indian religion that has always existed and will always exist. Historians date the foundation of the organized or present form of Jainism to sometime between the 9th and the 6th century BCE. What is Jainism? Jainism main principles, philosophy, beliefs and practice emphasizes on : 1. non violence (Ahimsa) towards all living beings, 2. spiritual development through cultivation of one's own personal wisdom, 3. reliance on self control through vows, 4. right vision or view (Samyak Darshana), right knowledge (Samyak Gyana) and right conduct (Samyak Charitra), Jainism is also referred to as shramana (self-reliant) or the "path of the niganthas" (those without attachments or aversions) by ancient texts. Jains are strict vegetarians and live in a way that minimises their use of the world's resources and do not believe in wasting. Jains choose a profession and livelihood that does not involve violence to self and other living beings For Jains the purpose of life is to release from the cycle of rebirth therefore, by following these main principles leads to the path of liberation (moksha). Jain Beliefs Jains do not believe in a creator deity that could be responsible for the manifestation, creation, or maintenance of this universe. The universe is self regulated by the laws of nature. Jains believe that life exists in various forms in different parts of the universe including earth. Jains believe that to attain enlightenment and ultimately liberation from all karmic bonding, one must practice the following ethical principles (Mahavrata) not only in thought, but also in words (speech) and action. The Mahavrata ("Great Vows") are : Ahimsa (Non-violence), Satya (Truthfulness), Asteya (Non-stealing), Brahmacharya (Celibacy), Aparigraha (Non-possession, Non-materialism) With consistent practice, it is possible to overcome the

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