What Is Hypnosis? Describe The Psychological And p Essay

1139 WordsJun 5, 20115 Pages
What is hypnosis? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role of relaxation in Hypnotherapy. There are many definitions of the hypnosis. According to some of them hypnosis is the natural state of the body, one of the many levels of the consciousness when person is functioning in the automatic mode (Hadley & Staudacher, 1996; Hadley J. & C., 1996), guided induction of various states of consciousness (Halsband, 2011) or natural psycho physiological reaction caused by the specific psychological interactions between the hypnotiser and person being hypnotised (Gapik, 1984). However we define the hypnosis currently it is acknowledged that hypnotic state was known to the human beings already in ancient times. The word hypnosis originates from the Greek word hypnos meaning sleep. In early years hypnosis was used for both religious and medical purposes. In ancient Egypt in Sleep Temples the priests or priestess used a trance-like sleep to cure their patients from the emotional, mental, physical and spiritual problems. After awaking the priest analysed the dreams and choose the treatment (Bunning, 2010; Halsman, 1958). Currently neurophysiological research distinct difference between sleep and hypnosis although both of these processes can have some common physical appearance (Fig.1) (Halsband, 2011; Temes, 2000). Hypnotized people can switch from hypnosis into natural sleep when left undisturbed or given suggestions to fall asleep. The person may also awake into hypnotic state if this will be suggested (Móró et al., 2011). Physically during the hypnosis eyes may be closed, but they can also remain open although no attention is paid to the surrounding environment. Body remains still and usually relaxed although it can become tense on request. Furthermore the person during hypnotic state shows extremely high ability to
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