What Is Enlightenment Essay

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What is Enlightenment? The term “enlightenment” is defined by “a movement in the 18th century that advocated the use of reason in the reappraisal of accepted ideas and social institutions”. Before the seventeenth and eighteenth century, the state and the church were the primary institutions that influenced how people perceived society as well as how they were governed. Dogma, blind faith, and superstition plagued the prominent notions of society and therefore logic and reasoning were obsolete. In the beginning of the seventeenth century, a counter revolution began which was established on the principles of reason, logic, criticism and freedom of thought. The enlightenment is seen as a philosophical, intellectual and cultural movement that developed the notion of the science of man as well proposed the history of the human race could be empirically studied as well as examined thus revealing the truth behind human society. Enlightenment deemed that “that universal and objective knowledge, gained through scientific investigation, applied to all peoples everywhere” For this reason, Enlightenment was spread far beyond the continent of Europe. Moreover, Enlightenment was built on the notion of several different premises regarding human life. Science, scientific method, logic, experimentation, education and reasoning were at the focal point of this movement. Enlightenment began primarily with those individuals who we were disenchanted and seek “objective” knowledge out side of the realm of politics. As a result, a new class was formed which challenged the role of Europe’s nobility as well as the church. Lower class Europeans also began to create, write, and rule as a result of a newly gained confidence through the use of science and the scientific method. New Philosophies emerged during enlightenment that explained how the universe operated. This concept known
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