Analyse the impact of two pieces of crime and disorder legislation. For police officers who are already familiar with crime and disorder legislation, they need to be reminded of the impact they may have on people, communities and the public services. Choose two pieces of crime and disorder legislation you have already discussed and analyse the impact they may have on individuals (including offenders, victims and witnesses), communities and the relevant public services. The Theft Act This is taking the property of another without the intension to give it back; this can have an impact on the victim as they’re without their property whatever it may be (car, phone, wallet, game) or any other property. The person then becomes deprived and feels insecure in case of any other incidents that may occur and they find themselves to be in the same situation, there’s many different types of theft such as robbery, theft, burglary, aggravated burglary.
Ethnicity and the Police By CJA344 The police department is leaving a bad impression in many minority communities, because of the corruption and brutality that comes from the police patrolling the areas. The police should leave a positive impression with the communities that they serve, this way the police will be able to ask the community for help when needed. There are a few people in the community that speak highly of the police because they have good experiences with the police and have positive opinions of the police and are more freely to cooperate with the police department. Lack of community support to the police force can lead to more crimes in the communities, as a result of the community the police can be less likely to work up to their full potential. “When crime rate goes up there is a further dip in the public perception of the police resulting in a greater antagonism towards the police on the part of the public “(1985).
The Use of Police Force: Expand It, Reduce It, or Eliminate It? Everyone has made an encounter with police. Whether it is due to a traffic violation you committed or it being a time when you feared for your life because someone broke into your house. Any time when the police have to get involved in a situation, it is the use of police force. The use of police force is highly important and can make a huge difference in society.
Judges also deal with the issue of bail once established that there is enough evidence to hold a criminal trial against the defendant during the preliminary hearing. Judges decide on whether to grant bail, and if so at what amount and on what conditions. If any of the conditions are broken by the defendant, the judge can also revoke bail and issue a warrant for his or her arrest. Once the criminal or civil trial has begun, the judge presides over the courtroom (Meyer & Grant, 2003). When the jury reaches a verdict of guilty, the judge is responsible for following established legal guidelines during sentencing.
Crime will always be committed as police are not always looking over people’s shoulders to ensure people will not break the law. With the help of citizens who see crime happening and reporting it helps the justice system ensure citizen’s safety. “The justice system does not respond to most crime because so much crime is not discovered or reported to the police. Law enforcement agencies learn about crime from the reports of victims or other citizens, from discovery by a police officer in the field, from informants, or from investigative and intelligence work. Once a law enforcement agency has established that a crime has been committed, a suspect must be identified and apprehended for the case to proceed through the system.
Keeping the peace means providing a presence at known trouble hot spots for example city centres. A police officer will also investigate allegations of any offence that is put before them. They will use good operational knowledge to decipher if the allegations are genuine and if so, they will report the crime and have it investigated. The police also provide high visibility policing to major events like football matches etc in order to prevent incidents of any criminality. Many police services also set local priorities which largely depend on the needs of their particular area for example, the police service in rural may have a very different set of problems from police services in urban areas.
Affect on society Community corrections affect society because some people do not feel safe knowing that there is a criminal out and about with the freedom to do whatever, he or she pleases. A person, whom commits a crime while in the community, will return to jail to finish up his or her time that he or she was sentenced, depending on the new crime committed, whether it is the same crime or not, the offender can have time added to his or her present sentencing. Hypothesis and Effectiveness Community corrections are forms of discipline that works when it is directed toward the correct group of people. Every person deserves a second chance, unless you are a person whom thinks that killing a person, is a good way to solve
HOW PROBABLE CAUSE IS ESTABLISHED Probable cause can be established in three ways: ■ Through an officer’s own knowledge of particular facts and circumstances ■ Through information given by a reliable third person (an informant) ■ Through information plus corroboration All three means rely upon the officer to establish probable cause. If the officer seeks the issuance of an arrest or a search and seizure warrant from a magistrate or judge, probable cause is established through an affidavit (although some states allow what is in writing to be supplemented by oral testimony). If the officer acts without a warrant, probable cause is established by oral testimony in court during the trial. It is therefore important for the officer to be
Stephen Morphet Criminal Justice 3270 Weber State University Vagrancy Issues of Crime In today’s world, crime will always occur, no matter who it is and what is being committed. To understand why crime happens is a key factor in limiting and preventing any type of crime. Various types of people will be influenced by their friends or others to commit crimes; or other internal or external factors might come into account. When people see vagrants, known as homeless people, one may fear the different kinds of crime these vagrants may commit in public places such as parks, in alley ways, or behind old abandoned buildings. One may also ask themselves: How did these individuals end up not being able to support themselves and what does their lifestyle consist of?
Police departments’ effectiveness depends on its organization. Local police are assigned to areas, also known as beats, with the responsibility of maintaining order, ensuring that the law is upheld, and providing needed assistance to citizens. If communities are going to be safe to live in, then the police department must be well organized. As we continue to experience an increase in crime, police organization becomes more and more important, as it determines the police department’s effectiveness. One of the advantages of patrolling is that it gives potential criminals the fear of being caught in the act and citizens the peace of knowing that they are being protected against crime.