The rise of the Labour party was a crucial factor for the drive of reform for the Liberal party. The new Labour Party promised social reform and the Liberals were worried about losing votes. Reform could therefore be seen as a rather selfish, political advantageous response to political change. Since 1884, most working class men had the vote and the Liberals wanted to attract those votes. So therefore it was for their own political advantage of the Liberal government to offer social reform, even if they did not fully believe in the principle of government intervention in people’s everyday lives.
From 1850-1928 technology improved, industry grew, cities grew bigger and education improved. It is clear that with all this happening, people would also change and this section will enlighten you about the changing attitudes of politicians. Politicians are the policy makers who represent the people and who introduce national reform. If there is to be an extension of democracy then ultimately, the politicians will play a pivotal role. The four main politicains in this time were; William Gladstone, Benjamin Disraeli, David Lloyd George and Herbert Henry Asquith who all contributed to the parliamentary reform.
A few groups became enormously wealthy and possessed great influence. Consequently, most people felt marginalized. Labor unions became a way for the common man to speak out for improved working conditions, higher wages, health insurance, and other means of protecting themselves. The United States federal government led by Theodore Roosevelt intervened in order to control the strength of new labor unions. The Sherman Anti-Trust Act was established in the late 19th century to prevent
This society was crucial in making people in Britain more aware of radicalism; they did this through becoming the leading co-ordinator for a lot of popular reform societies, which together constituted the first nationwide political movement in Britain. Out of fear, the government was forced to follow reactionary policies to make sure radical threats were to be kept at a minimum. If a revolution was to occur the government would lose its power over the people. Another reason why reactionary policies were made was because of the industrial revolution; an impact of this was the growth of urbanisation. More people were moving to the cities and towns; however this meant that more people from the middle/working class were coming together and radical ideas were to starting to rapidly become popular, such as parliamentary reform - radical ideas which were inspired by the French revolution.
In one side there is the working class fighting for his rights, and on the other side middle and upper class seeking their profits. As a result, frictions occur among the classes leading to a Democratic revolution. The industrial revolution has an important effect on America, but it is also a threat that creates frictions among classes
The Enlightenment or also known as the age of Enlightenment was an intellectual movement during the late 17th and 18th century in France. This made people were made more aware of the political and financial problems of the country and wanted to think of new ways to how the country should be run. Although many historians would argue that the Enlightenment was the most important factor that caused the French Revolution there were other factors that contributed to the French Revolution such as the country’s financial problems and the American War of Independence. To a greater extent the Enlightenment was the most important cause as it provided the people of France a new mind set on how the country could be run in a best way possible; that benefited everyone and not only the aristocrats and nobles. The ideas behind the Enlightenment were based on equality and a fair system for everyone in the country.
This would mean a much larger population working in factories and more people easily able to move to Manchester to work. While this would be good for factory production, it also meant overcrowding in the city. Thomas B. Macaulay, a liberal member of Parliament recalled in his essay “Southey’s Colloquies” in the 1830’s that conditions were much better in Manchester because of the effects of manufacturing. He said that because people
All these groups ultimately meant more hard work for Giolitti, as they all opposed the liberal state and the government of Giolliti and hence wanted reform. Many ideas like those of the socialists were spreading due to industrialisation that was going on during this period of time. This caused an even bigger disunity, as it meant that ideas of people e.g. socialist ideas spread between people as they now worked closer together like in factories meaning ideas spread amongst these new working- class group of people. With areas like Milan growing from 300,000 to 600,000 between 1880-1914, it is clear how ideas could easily spread amongst the masses as there were now more people in areas than ever before.
However, due to the methods presented for American success, each party contradicted their opinions on the common man, democracy, and the constitution which foreshadows a great unstable nation. The viewpoint of the common man, perceived by the federalists and the republicans, split a rift between two oppositions. The federalists supported the rich and wealthy people so they could grow and trickle down their prosperity to the lower classes. Alexander Hamilton believed that the rich and prosperous should handle the nation due to the majority of the first class being well educated. He points out that while his population of supporters had the resources and knowledge to run the government, the lower classes basically had small or no resources at all.
They also thought that having a large empire would help to make them richer and more militarily powerful .People were greedy to get their hands on the colony for the sake of the money they can get. The idea of imperialism started after the Industrial Revolution. Many countries seen the new inventions and thought that they needed it to make their lives easier. So they gathered all the raw materials they can get and make those inventions to benefit them at their life. The other countries began to start feel jealous, so they did the same.