Donald Sinclair 11/27/09 English 3° Cause and Effect: Quasi War The Quasi War was an undeclared naval war between France and the US that had many causes and effects. The main cause of the war was the signing of the Jay Treaty between the United States and Britain in 1794. Although it was a commercial agreement, France viewed it as a violation of 1778 Treaty of Alliance with the American colonists and as favoritism towards Britain (militaryhistory.about.com). France's response to this was to seize American ships trading with Britain, and in 1796, France refused to accept the new US minister in Paris. Another cause of the Quasi War was the fact that the French had captured over 300 United State ships.
It is greatly debated whether or not Napoleon’s rule of France changed significantly after he became Emperor in 1804. This occurred when on 18th May 1804; a motion was approved by the Senate that ‘Napoleon Bonaparte, at present First Consul, be declared Emperor of the French and that the imperial dignity be declared hereditary in his family.’ In theory Napoleon’s regime had now become hereditary in its nature thus denouncing any remnants of revolutionary principles and reverting to a monarchy like the previous of Louis XVI and that Napoleon’s self-appointed rise to Emperor was a significant turning point in his regime. However it is also thought that the true nature of Napoleon’s regime just became more obvious after 1804 and that there is only a slight difference from the consulate as by 1804, Napoleon’s position at the helm of France was now secure. The main point for argument is whether or not the true nature of Napoleon’s regime really changed after 1804. Arguably the strongest viewpoint is that Napoleon’s regime post-1804 is more obvious and the façade Napoleon established to consolidate his power is dropped.
Both the American Revolution and French Revolution were started in order to fight against their respective political leaders in order to end monarchial rule and start republican governments. The need to set up a stable and balanced government that protected the natural rights of its citizens was the basis of these wars. Following the end of the American Revolution and the failure of the Articles of Confederation, the Americans wrote the modern Constitution of the United States, heavily based off of Montesquieu’s idea of a divided government. The French Revolution began similarly in that some members of its government believed that they were not equally represented. After the French Revolution though, the republic slowly began shifting to a totalitarian regime, first under the Committee of Public Safety and then completely under Napoleon Bonaparte .The facts show that the American Revolution was more successful in establishing a stable and long-lasting republican government that started a precedent for Europe, while the French Revolution’s republic failed to last, being turned into a totalitarian regime.
In 1754, a war between Britain and France with their Indian allies broke out in North America that came to be known as The French and Indian War. The war ended in 1763 with the Treaty of Paris where Britain acquired Spanish Florida and all remaining French North American land (Document A). Throughout the war and for some time after, the actions of the American Colonies’ Mother Country caused many colonists to feel some resentment towards them. The French and Indian War created tension between Great Britain and the American colonies politically through the expansion of borders, economically through extreme taxes, and ideologically through taxation without representation. The expansion of the borders of the English territory through the Treaty of Paris of 1763 created a strain between Political relations with Great Britain.
The war against France from 1512-14 was a perfect chance for him to show his skills with foreign policy. England formed an alliance with the Pope, Ferdinand V of Spain and Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor against Louis XII of France. The first campaign was not a success, however Wolsey learned from his mistakes and in 1513 he launched a joint attack with papal support on France and successfully captured two French cities and caused the French to retreat. Wolsey was able to supply the troops during the war which led them to success. In 1514 he also negotiated the Anglo-French treaty which created temporary peace between the two countries and let Louis XII marry Mary, Henrys younger sister.
He aimed to establish a democratic republic, and independence from French Rule. He believed that he French had to be forced out of Indochina, to do this he used terrorism which gained him a 4 year prison sentence. Phan Chu Trinh was another important pro-independence leader. He supported some of the ideas of 18th century French philosophers and believed that French colonial government could evolve peacefully towards democracy. Phan
Chapter 10 & 11 vocab * Louisiana Purchase- The territory sold by France to the US in 1803, comprising the western part of the Mississippi valley. * Farewell Address- written by President George Washington, published in a Philadelphia newspaper in 1796 to announce that he would not run for a third term and to advise against political parties and having permanent foreign alliances * Proclamation of Neutrality- The Proclamation of Neutrality issued by George Washington on April 22, 1793, saying that the United States were going to be neutral in the conflict between France and Great Britain. * XYZ affair- French secret agents demanded a bribe and a loan to France in the middle of negotiating a dispute over the Jay Treaty * Battle of Saratoga- a major battle of the of the American Revolution (1777) * Whiskey Rebellion- a 1794 protest over a tax on all liquor made and sold in the United States * Federalist Papers- eighty-five essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to persuade the voters of New York to adopt the Constitution. * Great Compromise- an agreement between large and small states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 that in part defined the legislative structure and representation that each state would have under the United States Constitution. It proposed a bicameral legislature * BUS- made to handle the financial needs and requirements of the new central government of the newly formed United States.
America’s first foreign policy formulated by George Washington and John Adams had, as its primary goal, the avoidance of war at all costs. Washington and Adams had many reasons to support their decision. Although the French disagreed with their decision, it would be a new country’s best interests to stay neutral with a country that they influenced revolution upon. In 1794, Washington proclaimed the Proclamation of Neutrality when a revolution broke out in France. The French diplomat, Citizen Genet, was sent to America to discuss terms of their alliance now that they were in the time of need.
In July of 1785 a band of Algerian pirates captured two American ships and held them for a 60,000 USD ransom. Thomas Jefferson then the minister to France advised against paying the ransom in fear of further kidnappings would stem from cooperation with pirates. From the first incident with piracy involving the United States, The United States had put in progress a coalition of states to defend against piracy. There were several states: Portugal, Naples, Venice, Malta, Sweden, Denmark, and the two Sicilies that where in support of such an organization against piratical states. With England and France unwilling to get on
Reelected to the U.S. Senate in 1795, he served only a year before he was appointed as Minister to Great Britain (1796-1803). King's years in this post were difficult ones in Anglo-American relations. The wars of the French Revolution endangered U.S. commerce in the maritime clashes between the French and the British. The latter in particular violated American rights on the high seas, especially by the impressment of sailors. Although King was unable to bring about a change in this policy, he smoothed relations between the two nations.