What Changed in the Iron Industry Between 1750-1900

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Year 8 change assessment 1. What changed in the iron industry between 1750-1900 In the 1760s Britain had plenty of iron ore and limestone for the industry. Iron was very important because it was used for tools, machinery, ships, railways and trains. Iron was exploited, manufacturing moved from being made in people's homes to being made in purpose built factories. Due to this more factories and industries are made therefore it makes more jobs for the people which benefits them because more money gives a better quality of life. One of the sources shows a group of children working with iron. There was also an invention called the puddling furnace. This was molten iron reverberatory furnace was stirred with rods and it was used to make bar iron. It was invented by Henry Cort at Fontley in Hampshire in 1783–84 and ninety years after Cort's invention, an American labour newspaper recalled the advantages of his system. ‘This invention has helped millions and also created a lot of jobs in the iron industry ‘. 2. Why did British industry change in 1750-1900? The Industrial Revolution dramatically changed not just Britain but the whole world. Between 1750 and 1900 trade and industry grew rapidly. Firstly the transport was a massive thing that changed because the first steam engines were introduced mainly to get coal around places more easily. Also many canals had been built for ships and transport. As you can see in source 13 it shows a painting of a new railway station. My second change is the work the cotton and wool industry grew and grew this caused more jobs for the people. Many children worked in the cotton mills as you can see in source 10 on the handout. This helped countries trade and bring in money which helped the economy a lot. My final change is the health and the medicine a vaccination had been developed for small pox. This helped
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