First of all, during the Industrial Revolution, there were a lot of positive effects on the society which made peoples’ lives easier and a better place to live. There were a lot of changes especially on agriculture, transportation, manufacturing, and technology. Before the Industrial Revolution, majority of people had to work on land to produce food for their living, or everyone would starve. However, as the Industrial Revolution started to take place, new farm technologies were invented which led to an increase in food supply, which in turn led to an ongoing population. In addition, the population increase provided many people in the factories with machinery which was much more easier to work.
Since the Civil War ended in the late 1800’s, many inventions and innovations started to skyrocket in production, which led to what is now called the Industrial Revolution. This revolution really made an impact on how the people of America lived. Faster transportation, like the railroads and locomotives, made it easier for settlers to move out west where a lot of the industry work started. Inventions also made a huge impact on how people lived and made their daily lives easier. Some of these inventions were electricity, the sewing machine, the telephone, and the Model T Ford.
Much of this investment came from already industrialized countries like Germany, Great Britain, and France whose business owners looked for new investment opportunities in the United States. These investors put money into the work of mechanics and engineers with the expertise to develop new, more efficient ways of mass-producing goods. Machines benefited the United States by allowing business owners to specialize in the production of goods and manufacture them in large quantities to distribute throughout the nation or export. As a result, the cost of mass-produced goods went down as their quantity went up causing industrial profits to rise. With the creation of transcontinental railroads and telephones, marketing nationally was available to distribute these goods.
When Witte placed emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that jobs were created in towns and cities. Serfs came from rural areas in the hope of a better way of life, which led to urban areas quickly expanding. The populations of Moscow and St. Petersburg more than doubled between 1881 and 1910. A large textiles industry grew around Moscow
George Stephenson, born in 1781 and died in 1848 was a British railway engineer who invented the first workable steam railway locomotive, was born at Wylam near Newcastle-upon-Tyne, the son of a colliery fireman. George invented the first railway system in 1805 when he was twenty-four. Inventing things were George’s passions and he was well known for inventing the Blücher (locomotive) steam engine built in 1814. Little did George Stephenson know how popular his invention would be. Locomotives were an instant success everybody liked and wanted to use them, they could take people to live in towns and cities they otherwise would have never been to.
Did Life Improve During the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution was a series of changes in the 18th and 19th century that affected the way that most people lived in Britain. Some of these changes could be seen as positive, such as the building of a railway network which improved transport significantly, but some of these changes could be seen as negative, such as the building of factories which increased the amount of pollution in large cities. There were many medical advances during the Industrial Revolution. For example, in 1796, Edward Jenner developed the first vaccine for smallpox. This was significant because smallpox had a mortality rate of up to 35% so this vaccination would have saved a lot of lives and it would have made life considerably better for those who could afford to be vaccinated.
What was the key invention that helped America chug ahead in the industrial race around the world? The railway system ignited many other inventions in the last third of the nineteenth century, and helped America grow into the strong industrial nation it is today. The railway system helped “the movement of settlers further and further west accompanied by technological advances led to the major growth of cities and industries across the American frontier,” (Transportation and the Expansion of America). Railroads improved how we communicated as a nation, and helped us transform our economy for a regional agrarian economy to a national industrial economic superpower. The communication in America increased immensely due to the growth of the railways.
He invited foreign experts from more industrialised countries, such as Britain, France and Germany to Russia to advise him on modernisation. He realised that he would have to have policies that would allow individual business people to start factories and encourage metalwork. His policies were successful, because industrial growth increased on average by 8% a year between 1890 and 1899, which was the highest growth rate of any of the world’s major economies. When Witte placed more emphasis on industrialisation, it meant that more jobs were created in towns and cities, this allowed Serfs to come from rural areas in the hope of a better way of life, which
The Trans-Siberian railway was started in 1891; this was a massive improvement to the economy because it opened up the Eastern Empire and advanced the growth of new towns and cities, whilst connecting new industrial centres which helped to stimulate the growth of iron and coal industries. In the case of foreign investment, Witte put the rouble on the gold standard which encouraged other countries to invest heavily in Russian industry. These policies had some beneficial outcomes such as heavy industry saw massive increases in production, and the economy grew 8% per year in the 1890’s, however, arguably there were also negative impacts of Witte’s policies. The Trans-Siberian railway was only partially built and therefore only the major cities were interconnected. Also in order to provide money for industrial developments, taxes were raised which squeezed the peasants and therefore made them penniless to buy consumer goods, resulting in the economy of Russia itself to stagnate.
It began in Britain because at the time, it was one of the most powerful empires in the world. During the industrial revolution, many new inventions were invented to make the way of living easier and more efficient. The biggest technological advancement was the steam-powered engine invented in 1760 by James Watt. The machine ran on new fuels like petroleum and coal and was an important power source. The steam engine helped the textile and manufacturing industries produce more products.