The French Kings after Louis XIII enjoyed such power until the last half of the 18th century under Louis XVI reign. Although being all powerful in government and having one person making all the rules in the country did have its obvious draw backs at the time. In an absolutist monarchy one of the biggest factors that would ultimately lead to the monarchies reduction in power and eventually the end of the monarchy all together was the economic pressure that this style of government places on society. Louis XIII and Louis XIV failed to get an independent source of revenue to be able to fund the lavish life stlyes that the royal family and the high nobles became accustomed to. Even with the many flaws at this point in European history absolute monarchies were in most of the key countries in Western
France got affected economically which made the people of France lose hope on monarch. The enlightenment was a more important cause because without that the people would have not thought the American Revolution as a big turning point. The critical thinking that the enlightenment bought about caused the people to look at it from another
More people were moving to the cities and towns; however this meant that more people from the middle/working class were coming together and radical ideas were to starting to rapidly become popular, such as parliamentary reform - radical ideas which were inspired by the French revolution. This popularity caused events such as the Spa Field Riots, which forced the government to follow the reactionary policy of suspending Habeas Corpus to discourage civilians from the idea of a revolution. Moreover influential radical leaders were a vital reason why the government followed reactionary policies. For example take Henry Hunt, the incident in Peterloo in 1819
Part 6 Chapter 2 The French Revolution "A People's History of the World" by Chris Harman Although the French had enjoyed a millennium of stability, in the late 1700s, that all began to fall apart. In 1789, the king summoned representatives of the three estates of French society, the clergy, the nobles, and the rest of the population, to discuss ways to raise taxes. The third estate (the rest of the population) refused. They gathered and would not disperse until the demand for a constitution was met. Rumors of a military coup agitated the people so much that rebellions started up.
That document amalgamated a variety of Enlightment ideas drew from the works of political philosophy. The French Revolution was influenced by Brotherhood because the irate citizens of Paris stormed the Bastille together, it was an expression of the power of the people to take politics into their own hands. Fiscal irresponsibility influenced the Revolution because after debts where brought to an higher level then before then taxes were raised on the people to end the financial trap which was not easy and required the support of the aristocracy. Democracy influenced the French Revolution the new construction of politics, in which all individuals were equal, ran counter to prevailing ideas about collective identities defined in guilds and orders. People on all levels of society learned politics.
French Revolution In 1789 the common people rose up against the unfair economic situation put upon them by the French Aristocracy. The monarchy spent such great amounts of money it put the country plunging into a large amount of debt. King Louis XVI and his predecessors left the country in poor conditions such as droughts, disease with cattle and massive price increases in goods. The monarchy sought to recover the debt by taxing the common people till they eventually reached the point of starvation and poverty while the King continued to spend money at his own dispense. At the time the United States was hoping to use their alliance with France to gain an advantage over the British, but did not want to lose their much needed trade with the British.
For centuries, historians have described the French Revolution, filled with aggression, terror and human injustice, as a radical revolution. The oppression and disparity of France’s social classes caused the French Revolution to turn violent and remain mired in a monarchy ruled by despots. In contrast, the American Revolution fostered the transformation of thirteen independent colonies and their different socio-economic classes into a single unified nation. As the different people of the thirteen colonies rallied around a common goal of liberty and freedom from tyranny, the American Revolution became more and more radical. The American Revolution was more radical and had much more significance than the French Revolution because the American Revolution was a catalyst for real, historic and permanent change.
“This glorious day must amaze our enemies, and finally usher in us the triumph of justice and liberty” (Parisian Newspaper), is the culmination of Locke’s impact on the revolution, as the people finally had control of their own destiny and country. The fall of Bastille is no doubt a significant event in the Revolution, and Locke’s influence could be felt throughout it, as it was in part influenced by the event previous to it, the Tennis Court Oath and influenced the Declaration of the Rights of
Enlightenment Thinkers The scientific revolution caused a breakthrough for the Enlightenment in the eighteenth century, giving great examples of social and political methods as a form of stepping stones for new theories and ideas. A selected few Enlightenment thinkers pressed on their suggestions of natural rights and human powers strongly. These thinkers created new viewpoints for everyone to see reason and understand that every person is of equal importance. John Locke stated that the people and the government have an imaginary form of contract; stating that if the government is not fulfilling their part, then the people can overthrow the government and create a new one. The Frenchman, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, opinioned that in order for
Will McGuire 1/19/09 Global Studies 10H Mrs. McKenna Absolutism vs. Democracy Throughout History, there have been almost countless different types of government; all with varying amounts of success. Possibly the two most popular in the 18th and 19th century were absolutism, or a form of government where the monarch has the power to rule their land freely, with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition in force. Another popular form of government is democracy, or a form of government in which power is held by “the people” under a free electoral system (www.wikipedia.com). There were advantages and disadvantages to types of rule. Democracy was and still is used today by many countries.