What Are the Cognitive Mechanisms and the Strategic Functions of ‘Selective Optimization with Compensation?

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What are the cognitive mechanisms and the strategic functions of ‘Selective Optimization with Compensation? (Baltes & Baltes, 1990) What is selective optimization with compensation? , in this essay that is what I aim to resolve and give detail to. Although there are many variables that fall under this category, one of the methods employed by psychologists in ‘successful aging’ (Baltes & Baltes, 1990) is to adjust to physical and intellectual defects when relating to growing older. It entails accentuates and re enforces those capabilities that are initially impacted only slightly by the aging process (optimization) and generates new ways of sustaining functions in those aspects that are greatly impacted (compensation). It argues that, successful aging requires sufficient cognitive ability to negotiate and enjoy one’s life. With age-related cognition failing, however the ability to successfully age may still be compromised, mental stimulation and cognitive strategies are needed to maintain or compensate for such losses. This shows that, mental stimulation simply refers to methods that improve the brain functionality through learning and adapting to one’s everyday situational circumstances. Cognitive strategies are specific techniques that help people remember information more sufficiently; they are useful when one is experiencing cognitive impairment (I.e. how, people assume that people who are at an older age tend to lose their memory). Baltes and baltes (1990) proposed a model of successful aging developed from a theory of adaptive development and effective life management through selective optimization and compensation (SOC; Baltes and carstensen, 2003; Baltes & smith, 2003). This theory describes the course of life as having changes in both resources and goals. As us, humans, our course begins with a focus on personal gain and growth early in

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