The Islamic religion was created around the years 610-630 A.D. by a man named Muhammad.. In 610 A.D., Muhammad received his first message/revelation from the angel Gabriel. At first, Muhammad interrupted his encounter with the angel Gabriel to be the work of a demon. However, after some convincing from his wife Muhammad was convinced that he was selected to receive the word of God through the angel Gabriel. The revelations that Muhammad received are now considered to pivotal text included within the Islamic Qur’an (Islamic bible).
The reciting of these visions became the basis and holy book of Islam, the Quran. Soon after, Muhammad began preaching within the city of Mecca where he formed a community or “ummah” (http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/). A little over ten years this ummah migrated to Medinah. This even is called the Hijrah and represents when Islam became a recognized religion and a political force (http://www.xenos.org/essays/islam.htm). Despite sharing the same origins, differences between the branches of Islam led them to each become unique and have their own way of life.
Christians and Muslims believe all humans are born sinless, but human weakness leads to sin. Both faiths teach that one must seek out forgiveness from God through prayer. Muslims have a requirement to pray five times a day and Christians have no set amount of prayers. Christianity and Islam both give us the knowledge to know right from wrong, both gives us the choice to live the right way. Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment, heaven and hell just as they do in Christianity.
It purifies one's spirit, and through it, constant remembrance of Allah delivers one of the self that incites to evil. God created man to worship Him and prayer is the most excellent kind of worship. Another very important form of worship is fasting. It is obligatory for each Muslim, apart from some exemptions, to fast in the month of Ramadan. During the hours of fasting, food and drink and sexual relations between husband and wife are forbidden.
An Islam Paper University of Phoenix REL/ 134 - World Religious Traditions II Week Five Paper March 16, 2010 An Islam Paper Islam is a monotheistic religion based on revelations received by the exalted Prophet Muhammad during the 7th century, translating within Islam’s sacred text the Qur'an. With over 1.3 billion adherents worldwide, Islam is the world’s second largest religion. The Arabic originated word Islam means "submission," to the will of God (ReligionFacts, 2004-2009). In this paper, Team C presents the following: a brief discussion of the historical foundation of Islam; a description of similarities and differences between Islam and Christianity; common symbolism in Islamic Texts and religious practices; description
The monotheistic religion of Islam is believed to arise by Mohammad who had transmitted the words of Allah, Muslim god, into the Qu’ran. Muslims also believed salvation was won through submission to God and can be accomplished by following the Five Pillars of Islam. The Five Pillars of Islam were religion based rituals having to do things like praying five times a day, fasting, and going on a pilgrimage to the Mecca at least once in a
Shahadah: This is the belief of all Muslims that Allah is one, he is the only god, and Muhammad (PBUH) is his messenger. This meaning that Allah is a unique being and that Muhammad is Allah’s greatest prophet; 2. Salat (Prayer): This is the physical act of worship. Muslim’s are expected to pray five times a day facing towards Mecca. This depicts Muslim’s submission to Allah.
Jesus is acknowledged by the Islamic faith as a prophet. They do not believe that Jesus was executed, but rather taken away from the situation by God, or Allah, before any harm was done. The crucifixion and resurrection are not part of their texts. Now, because of the opposing views on the two different religions, Muslims and Christians have been in disagreement for many, many years. The main disagreement being that Christians believe that all men are created equal and Muslims believe that they are the chosen ones and all others are considered infidels.
In the literature, Judaism begins with the Pentateuch or the first five books of Moses, the Torah-interpretations of the law, and the Mishnah were writings that gave rise to Judaism today. Historically, the Judaic religion arose from the founder which was Abraham, the Hebrew leader and patriach who gave birth to the Hebrew race and then to Moses, who created the Mosaic law that was the foundation of the Jewish religion. Other influences has been the Babylonian captivity where the Jews were carried away and they had to create the synagogue to replace the temple. Islam is similar in that the Muslim claimed that the message of Allah was prophesied through the Old Testament by the prophets from Ishmael, who taught the teachings of the One True God, Allah. This was handed down by different prophets especially prophets like Jesus.
The Dome of the Rock was built from 685-691 AD by Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan, who was a caliph. He built it in Jerusalem. It is a shrine for Muslims, and he wanted it to be a symbol for Jews and Christians to accept Islam. For the Jews, it was from its location, and for the Christians, it was the interior design. It is one of the oldest Islamic monument that has survived throughout many time periods.