What are the Central Tenets of Islam?

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Islamic civilization was the second eastern civilization and the last great civilization before our western civilization. Islam was a new seventh century religion which was popular among Arabs. Its founder was Muhammad, which later became known as the Prophet. He began to preach, when God (Allah), granted him a revelation through the angel Gabriel, who appeared in Muhammad’s dream. He was invited, with his group of followers, to the town of Medina to lead people to convert to Islam. The move in A.D. 622 marks the beginning of the Islamic era and of Islam as a force in history. Islam is the name of Arabic religion, which means submission, exacting submission to God. This submission takes form of five pillars of Islamic religion, which define and form Muslims relationship to God. Five pillars of Islam consist of five ritual duties: the first is Shahadah (the confession of faith) – there is only one God and Mohammad is the last and the greatest of his prophets. Acknowledgment of faith is a basic expression of Islamic religion. The second pillar is Salat (prayer) – all Islamic believers have to pray five times a day and they have to face the direction where Mecca city is. The third duty is Sawm Ramadan (fasting) – every year Muslims pray for their people and fast of the month of Ramadan, which each year occurs at different times. They are not supposed to eat, drink or have sexual relationships from sunrise until sundown. The fast intended to purify the believers. The fourth pillar is Zakat (alms giving) – as fasting purifies believers through renouncing the world, the zakat purifies the believers by encouraging giving and a lack of attachment to materialistic things. The last duty of Islamic religion is Hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca) – every real Muslim believer, once in their lifetime, has to come to Mecca and participate in special rites held there. Religion is the

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